There are a number of public DNA databases that can be used by the genetic genealogist. Some provide a facility for people to enter their DNA results and search for close or exact matches. Other databases are publicly searchable but it is not possible to input your own results.
List of DNA databases
- Empop A worldwide forensic database of mtDNA control region haplotypes
- GenBank, a public database of DNA sequences. Genetic genealogists who have taken a full mitochondrial sequence (FMS) mitochondrial DNA test can upload their FMS results for comparison with other sequences.
- Human mitochondrial genome database For a description see: Ingman M, Gyllensten U. mtDB: Human Mitochondrial Genome Database, a resource for population genetics and medical sciences. Nucleic Acids Research 34, D749-D751 (2006).
- Mitosearch is a public mtDNA database sponsored by Family Tree DNA.
- MitoVariome A freely available database of 5344 mtDNA sequences from around the world.
- MSeqDR Consortium The Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource (MSeqDR) Consortium
- mtDNACommunity A public database of full mitochondrial sequence DNA results.
- mtDNA test results log A genealogical mtDNA database maintained by Charles Kerchner
- Semargle.me A Russian website with a variety of searching mechanisms for querying large databases such as Ysearch and Family Tree DNA
- YDHS database For a description see Human chromosome Y and haplogroups: introducing YDHS database (Tiirikka1 T, Moilanen JS, Clinical and Translational Medicine 2015; 4: 20).
- Yfiler Y-STR database
- Y-search, a public Y-STR database sponsored by Family Tree DNA.
- YHRD, a freely accessible YHRD (Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database which is designed to store Y-STR haplotypes from global populations for both forensic genetics and genetic genealogy.
- If you are NOT the Administrator of a project, and you want to make contact with a participant, use the link http://www.ysearch.org/search_start.asp?providerkey= and add the FTDNA Kit Number. This will show you the Ysearch ID of the participant. From this you can view the participant's record including his name and you then have the facility to contact the participant through the Ysearch messaging system.
- If you are an FTDNA project administrator you can see whether or not the members of your project have a Ysearch account by going to the "Paternal Ancestry" page. If you hover your cursor over the Ysearch icon for a member, then on the Status Bar of your browser you will see the Ysearch UserID at the end of the URL. Obviously, you need to have the Status Bar in your browser turned on. If the Ysearch icon for a member is 'greyed out', he has not transferred his results to Ysearch.
Autosomal SNP databases
- Open SNP A public database of genotyping files uploaded by customers of direct-to-consumer testing companies. The database includes files from 23andMe, DeCODE genetics and FTDNA's Family Finder test
Autosomal STR databases
Former DNA databases
- SMGF Y-DNA database The Y-DNA database of the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation (Wayback Machine version from 14 April 2015).
- SMGF mtdna database The mtDNA database of the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation (Wayback Machine version from 14 April 2015).
The SMGF website and databases were taken down on 14th May 2015 and there are no plans to reinstate them.
- Ybase (Wayback Machine version from November 2010), a public Y-STR database sponsored by DNA Heritage. The domain name was purchased by Family Tree DNA when it acquired DNA Heritage in 2011. The database has been offline from 2011 onwards and it is not known if FTDNA have any plans to resurrect it.
- Alessandra Congiu, Paolo Anagnostou, Nicola Milia, Marco Capocasa, Francesco Montinaro and Giovanni Destro Bisol. Online databases for mtDNA and Y chromosome polymorphisms in human populations. Journal of Anthropological Sciences Vol. 90 (2012), pp. 1-15.
- Estes R. RIP Sorenson - a crushing loss. DNAeXplained blog, 14 May 2015.