Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014
Version: 9.52 Date: 8 April 2014   Version History
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This Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree is for informational purposes only, and does not represent an endorsement by ISOGG.
|Main Tree:||Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014|
|Haplogroups:||A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T|
|SNPs:||Index to Y-DNA SNPs|
|References:||Composite List of Papers/Presentations Cited Glossary of Genetic Terms|
|Listing Criteria for SNP Inclusion into the ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree|
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2012
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2011
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2010
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2009
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2008
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2007
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006
The first phylogenetic chart to unify nomenclature was
published in 2002 by the
Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC). The 2003 Y-DNA phylogenetic chart
appeared in Mark A. Jobling and Chris Tyler-Smith,
The Human Y Chromosome: An Evolutionary Marker Comes of Age Nature Reviews|Genetics, Figure 5.
In 2005 Family Tree DNA created the
2005 Y-Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree. An ISOGG group was formed in November 2005 to create a web-based document
using Richard Kenyon's style of an indented list which could be
updated to keep pace with the rapid developments in the field.
Current ISOGG members who work with the tree are: Coordinator: Alice Fairhurst. Design team: Sue Barry, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Katherine Hope Borges, Michael Hebert, Tom Hutchison, Richard Kenyon, Doug McDonald. Content experts: Abdulaziz Ali, Whit Athey, Ray H. Banks, Aaron R. Brown, David Dowell, Phil Goff, Gareth Henson, Tim Janzen, Kriss Malachowski, Zdenko Markovic, Eugene Matyushonok, Bob May, Lawrence Mayka, Charles Moore, Marja Pirttivaara, David Reynolds, Bonnie Schrack, Vince Tilroe, Aaron Salles Torres, Steve Trangsrud, Ann Turner, Vladimir Volkov. Content experts liaison with experts from various DNA labs to determine what information is needed to amend the tree.
The Y Haplogroup classification of the male Y-chromosome is currently used to estimate the population group of the paternal line. The haplogroups are identified by the letters, A through T. Haplogroups are subdivided into one or more levels, called subclades, and thus forming a tree. The Y-chromosome haplogroup is determined by performing a sequence of SNP tests.
Each line lists a haplogroup or subclade in boldface, then one or more SNPs follow on the same line. For a sample to belong to a particular subclade, it must test positive for any one of the SNPs appearing on the line, providing positive results were obtained for its haplogroup and any intervening subclades.
SNPs development indicated by beginning letters:
AF = Fernando Mendez, Ph.D., University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
CTS = Chris Tyler-Smith, Ph.D., The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, England
DF = anonymous researcher using publicly available full-genome-sequence data, including 1000 Genomes Project data; named in honor of the DNA-Forums.org genetic genealogy community
F = Li Jin, Ph.D., Fudan University, Shanghai, China
FGC = Full Genomes Corp. of Virginia and Maryland
G = Verónica Gomes, IPATIMUP Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto (Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology of the University of Porto)
IMS-JST = Institute of Medical Science-Japan Science and Technology Agency
K = Youngmin JeongAhn, grad student; Education: Seoul National University and the University of Arizona
KHS = Functional Genomics Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
KL = Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
L = Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.) of Family Tree DNA's Genomics Research Center; snps named in honor of the late Leo Little
M = Peter Underhill, Ph.D. of Stanford University
N = The Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
NWT = Northwest Territory, Theodore G. Schurr, Ph.D., Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
P = Michael Hammer, Ph.D. of University of Arizona
Page, PAGES or PS = David C. Page, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
PF = Paolo Francalacci, Ph.D., Università di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
PK = Biomedical and Genetic Engineering Laboratories, Islamabad, Pakistan
PR = Primate (gorilla and chimpanzee), Thomas Krahn's WTTY
S = James F. Wilson, D.Phil. at Edinburgh University
SA = South America, Theodore G. Schurr, Ph.D., Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
TSC = Gudmundur A. Thorisson and Lincoln D. Stein, The SNP Consortium, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY
U = Lynn M. Sims, University of Central Florida; Dennis Garvey, Ph.D. Gonzaga University; and Jack Ballantyne, Ph.D., University of Central Florida
V = Rosaria Scozzari and Fulvio Cruciani, Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie “Charles Darwin” , Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy.
VL = Vladimir Volkov, Tomsk University, Russia
Y = Y Full Team using data from the 1000 Genomes Project
YSC = Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.) of Family Tree DNA's Genomics Research Center
Z = Gregory Magoon, Ph.D., Richard Rocca, Vince Tilroe, David F. Reynolds, Bonnie Schrack, Peter M. Op den Velde Boots, Ray H. Banks, Roman Sychev, Victar Mas, Steve Fix, Christian Rottensteiner, and an anonymous individual, independent researchers of publicly available whole genome sequence datasets, and Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.), with support from the genetic genealogy community.
Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2014:
Back to Y-DNA Tree Trunk
Back to SNP Index
Back to Papers/Presentations Cited
Back to Glossary Back to Listing Criteria
Copyright 2014. International Society of Genetic Genealogy. All Rights Reserved.
Please cite this document as follows: International Society of Genetic Genealogy (2014). Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014, Version: [Number given at top of Main Page], Date: [Date given at top of Main Page], http://www.isogg.org/tree/ [Date of access: Day, Month, Year].ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree Coordinator: Alice Fairhurst.