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Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014

Version: 9.112   Date: 30 October 2014    Version History
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This Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree is for informational purposes only, and does not represent an endorsement by ISOGG.

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Thursday, June 4, 2015 at the Los Angeles Marriott Burbank Hotel by the Bob Hope Burbank Airport
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Contact person for the ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree: Alice Fairhurst

Main Tree: Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014
Haplogroups: A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T   
SNPs: Index to Y-DNA SNPs
References: Composite List of Papers/Presentations Cited        Glossary of Genetic Terms
    Listing Criteria for SNP Inclusion into the ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree

Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2012
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2011
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2010
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2009
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2008
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2007
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006

      The first phylogenetic chart to unify nomenclature was published in 2002 by the Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC). The 2003 Y-DNA phylogenetic chart appeared in Mark A. Jobling and Chris Tyler-Smith, The Human Y Chromosome: An Evolutionary Marker Comes of Age Nature Reviews|Genetics, Figure 5. In 2005 Family Tree DNA created the 2005 Y-Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree. An ISOGG group was formed in November 2005 to create a web-based document using Richard Kenyon's style of an indented list which could be updated to keep pace with the rapid developments in the field.
      Current ISOGG members who work with the tree are: Coordinator: Alice Fairhurst. Design team: Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Katherine Hope Borges, Michael Hebert, Tom Hutchison, Richard Kenyon, Kriss Malachowski, Doug McDonald. Content experts: Abdulaziz Ali, Whit Athey, Ray H. Banks, Aaron R. Brown, David Dowell, Charles Fueston, Phil Goff, Vladimir Gurianov, Gareth Henson, Tim Janzen, Mark Jost, Kathleen Kerwin, Atanas Kumbarov, Zdenko Markovic, Eugene Matyushonok, Bob May, Lawrence Mayka, Charles Moore, Stephen Parrish, Marja Pirttivaara, Bonnie Schrack, David Stedman, Aaron Salles Torres, Steve Trangsrud, Leonard Trujillo, Ann Turner, Vladimir Volkov. Content experts liaison with experts from various DNA labs to determine what information is needed to amend the tree.
      The Y Haplogroup classification of the male Y-chromosome is currently used to estimate the population group of the paternal line. The haplogroups are identified by the letters, A through T. Haplogroups are subdivided into one or more levels, called subclades, and thus forming a tree. The Y-chromosome haplogroup is determined by performing a sequence of SNP tests.
      Each line lists a haplogroup or subclade in boldface, then one or more SNPs follow on the same line. For a sample to belong to a particular subclade, it must test positive for any one of the SNPs appearing on the line, providing positive results were obtained for its haplogroup and any intervening subclades.
      SNPs development indicated by beginning letters:
A = Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.), YSEQ.net, Houston, Texas
AF = Fernando Mendez, Ph.D., University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
BY = Big Y, Family Tree DNA, Houston, Texas
CTS = Chris Tyler-Smith, Ph.D., The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, England
DF = anonymous researcher using publicly available full-genome-sequence data, including 1000 Genomes Project data; named in honor of the DNA-Forums.org genetic genealogy community
F = Li Jin, Ph.D., Fudan University, Shanghai, China
F* = Chuan-Chao Wang, Hui Li, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (Beginning letter F; second letter Haplogroup, i.e. FI is Fudan Haplogroup I)
FGC = Full Genomes Corp. of Virginia and Maryland
G = Verónica Gomes, IPATIMUP Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto (Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology of the University of Porto)
IMS-JST = Institute of Medical Science-Japan Science and Technology Agency
K = Youngmin JeongAhn, grad student; Education: Seoul National University and the University of Arizona
KHS = Functional Genomics Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
KL = Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
L = Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.) of Family Tree DNA's Genomics Research Center; snps named in honor of the late Leo Little
M = Peter Underhill, Ph.D. of Stanford University
N = The Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
NWT = Northwest Territory, Theodore G. Schurr, Ph.D., Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
P = Michael Hammer, Ph.D. of University of Arizona
Page, PAGES or PS = David C. Page, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
PF = Paolo Francalacci, Ph.D., Università di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
PK = Biomedical and Genetic Engineering Laboratories, Islamabad, Pakistan
PR = Primate (gorilla and chimpanzee), Thomas Krahn's WTTY
S = James F. Wilson, D.Phil. at Edinburgh University
SA = South America, Theodore G. Schurr, Ph.D., Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
SK = Mark Stoneking, Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
TSC = Gudmundur A. Thorisson and Lincoln D. Stein, The SNP Consortium, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY
U = Lynn M. Sims, University of Central Florida; Dennis Garvey, Ph.D. Gonzaga University; and Jack Ballantyne, Ph.D., University of Central Florida
V = Rosaria Scozzari and Fulvio Cruciani, Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie “Charles Darwin” , Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy.
VL = Vladimir Volkov, Tomsk University, Russia
Y = Y Full Team using data from the 1000 Genomes Project
YP = SNPs identified by citizen scientists from genetic tests, then submitted to the Y Full team for verification.
YSC = Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.) of Family Tree DNA's Genomics Research Center
Z = Gregory Magoon, Ph.D., Richard Rocca, Vince Tilroe, David F. Reynolds, Bonnie Schrack, Peter M. Op den Velde Boots, Ray H. Banks, Roman Sychev, Victar Mas, Steve Fix, Christian Rottensteiner, Alexander R. Williamson, Ph.D. and an anonymous individual, independent researchers of publicly available whole genome sequence datasets, and Thomas Krahn, MSc (Dipl.-Ing.), with support from the genetic genealogy community.
ZP = Peter M. Op den Velde Boots, David Stedman using Big Y and other NGS sources.
ZS = Gregory Magoon, Ph.D., Aaron Salles Torres from samples from the 1000 Genome Project.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2014:

Back to Y-DNA Tree Trunk
Back to SNP Index
Back to Papers/Presentations Cited
Back to Glossary
Back to Listing Criteria

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Please cite this document as follows: International Society of Genetic Genealogy (2014). Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014, Version: [Number given at top of Main Page], Date: [Date given at top of Main Page], http://www.isogg.org/tree/ [Date of access: Day, Month, Year].

ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree Coordinator: Alice Fairhurst.


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