|Founded||2004 (as Ethnoancestry) April 2012 as BritainsDNA|
|Founder(s)||Alistair Moffat and Dr. James Wilson|
|Products||Y-DNA SNPs, mtDNA|
BritainsDNA and its associated companies ScotlandsDNA, IrelandsDNA and YorkshiresDNA offer direct-to-consumer genetic tests which explore British, Irish and Scottish ancestry. The companies are a new incarnation of the former testing company Ethnoancestry. ScotlandsDNA was founded in late 2011. BritainsDNA, IrelandsDNA and YorkshiresDNA followed in 2012.
BritainsDNA, IrelandsDNA, ScotlandsDNA and YorkshiresDNA specialise in deep ancestry. A custom-designed Illumina chip is used. The SNPs (markers) are "carefully chosen to be non-redundant and highly informative in Europeans (although there is representation of non-European variation as well)".
The Standard Y-DNA test looks at 300 Y-DNA SNPs and costs $265 (£170 or €210). The Chromo 2 Y-DNA test looks at over 15,000 Y-SNPs including all the SNPs on the ISOGG Y-SNP tree and additional SNPs not yet in the public domain. Only around 4200 of the Chromo 2 Y-SNPs overlap with the SNPs on the Geno 2.0 chip offered by the Genographic Project. Chromo 2 Y-DNA costs $299 (€229 or £189). Chromo 2 Raw Y-DNA costs $199 (£129 or €160) and provides the raw Y-DNA data only without the ancestral narrative. A list of some of the R1b-L21 SNPs on the BritainsDNA chip can be found here.
BritainsDNA uses its own proprietary S series names for many of the SNPs and gives its own nicknames to the Y chromosome DNA and mitochondrial DNA haplogroups. See the list of BritainsDNA haplogroup nicknames for the alternative Y-SNP names and nicknames.
The Standard mtDNA test looks at over 300 mtDNA SNPs. The Chromo2 mtDNA test looks at over 3,000 mtDNA SNPs.
The autosomal DNA test is known as All My Ancestry and tests over 250,000 autosomal SNPs. Customers are provided with a chromosome painting, a global connections plot and a population percentage model to infer which proportions of your genome come from seven different world regions.
The company also offer an additional test for £25 for the red-haired gene. This test is available as an add-on test for customers who have already ordered the deep ancestry test and is also included in the Chromo Complete package.
The research from the Scotlands DNA project was published in a book written by Alistair Moffat and James Wilson entitled The Scots: A Genetic Journey (Birlinn, 2012). A second book The British: A Genetic Journey by Alistair Moffat was published in October 2013.
Ethnoancestry was formed in 2004. It was registered in Scotland, and owned and run by Dr. James Wilson. The company offered Y-STR, Y-SNP and mitochondrial DNA products and was the first to commercially offer testing for the M222 SNP amongst others.
Chromo 2 reviews
- Genetics - the case of BritainsDNA (in French) by Joss Le Gall, Le Gall de Basse Bretagne et d'ailleurs... blog, 3 January 2014.
- A first look at the BritainsDNA Chromo 2 Y-DNA and mtDNA tests Larry Vick shares his Chromo 2 results with Debbie Kennett. Cruwys News, 20 December 2013.
- A first look at the Chromo 2 All My Ancestry test from BritainsDNA Larry Vick shares his Chromo 2 results with Debbie Kennett. Cruwys News, 20 December 2013.
- BritainsDNA Results - Blake yDNA and mtDNA by Elizabeth Kipp, English Research from Canada blog, 27 November 2013.
BritainsDNA in the news
- Damien Gayle. Secret army of red heads: Research reveals there are 20 million red hair gene carriers in the UK. Daily Mail, 24 August 2013.
- Martyn McLaughlin. Half of all Scots have 'ginger gene' say experts, The Scotsman, 8 November 2012.
- DNA project aims to count Scots redheads BBC News Scotland, 7 November 2012.
- Study reveals 'extraordinary' DNA of people in Scotland BBC News Scotland, 17 April 2012.
- Robin McKie. DNA project reveals Tom Conti's Napoleonic blood and rich roots of Scotland's genetic legacy The Guardian, 14 April 2012.
- Dr. Jim Wilson and ScotlandsDNA Release Y-SNP Positions for Chromo2 by CeCe Moore, Your Genetic Genealogist, 4 March 2014.
- BritainsDNA, the BBC and Eddie Izzard by Debbie Kennett, Cruwys News, 11 January 2014.
- The British: A Genetic Muddle A review of Alistair Moffat's book The British: A Genetic Journey by Debbie Kennett, Cruwys News, 16 December 2013.
- Setting the record straight about Sara Sheridan's DNA by Debbie Kennett, Cruwys News, 8 December 2013.
- A list of alternate names for the Y-SNPs from BritainsDNA's Chromo2 test by CeCe Moore, Your Genetic Genealogist, 20 November 2013.
- You might be a Pict if... by Roberta Estes, DNAeXplained, 24 August 2013.
- BritainsDNA, The Times and Prince William - the perils of publication by press release by Debbie Kennett, Cruwys News, 19 June 2013.
- Response to "Exaggerations and errors in the promotion of genetic ancestry testing" a guest post on the Genomes Unzipped blog by James Wilson, Chief Scientist, BritainsDNA, 3 January 2013.
- BritainsDNA - Caveat Emptor by Roberta Estes, 20 December 2012.
- Exaggerations and errors in the promotion of genetic ancestry testing by Vincent Plagnol of Genomes Unzipped, 17 December 2012.
- The Scots genetic journey continues by Amanda Epperson, The Scottish Emigration Blog, 2 September 2012.
References and footnotes
- Dick Ahlstrom. Discover your genetic ancestors. The Irish Times, 3 May 2012.
- "How to order". BritainsDNA website. Accessed 15 June 2013.
- The new Chromo 2 test was launched on 14 June 2013. The cut-off date for inclusion of SNPs on the new BritainsDNA chip is not known but is likely be several months prior to the launch.
- Red Head Add-on. Britains DNA product listing. Accessed 15 June 2013.
- The Scots: A Genetic Journey, Birlinn website. Accessed 31 January 2013.
- BritainsDNA haplogroup nicknames
- Y-DNA SNP testing chart
- mtDNA testing comparison chart
- Y-DNA haplogroup projects
- mtDNA haplogroup projects