Mitochondrial DNA haplogroup
In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. Haplogroups are used to represent the major branch points on the mitochondrial phylogenetic tree. Understanding the evolutionary path of the female lineage has helped population geneticists trace the matrilineal inheritance of modern humans back to human origins in Africa and the subsequent spread across the globe.
The letter names of the haplogroups run from A to Z. As haplogroups were named in the order of their discovery, they do not reflect the actual genetic relationships.
The woman at the root of all these groups is the matrilineal most recent common ancestor (MRCA) for all currently living humans. She is commonly called Mitochondrial Eve.
- Mitochondrial DNA tests
- mtDNA testing comparison chart
- mtDNA haplogroup projects
- BritainsDNA haplogroup nicknames
- Oxford Ancestors haplogroup nicknames
- Wikipedia page on human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups
- Wikipedia list of haplogroups of historical and famous figures
- FTDNA's list of mtDNA haplogroup-defining mutations
- mtDNA Community A website that includes the mtDNA phylogenetic tree and personal user accounts
- Phylotree The phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation
- Ian Logan's mtDNA website
- mtDNA haplogroups from Eupedia
- Estimated worldwide mtDNA haplogroup frequencies A chart compiled for Mitomap by O. Derbeneva, 2009.
- A simple mtDNA tree from Mitomap
- A map of human mtDNA migrations from Mitomap
- An mtDNA view of the peopling of the world by Homo sapiens (Internet Archive version)
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