Y-DNA Haplogroup K and its Subclades - 2016

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.

Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 29 July 2016

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
SNP SYMBOLS:  Not on 2015 tree  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items 

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact Person for Haplogroup K: Gareth Henson

K   M9/PF5506, P128/PF5504, P131/PF5493, P132/PF5480
 LT or K1   L298/P326, etc.
  L or K1a    M20/PF5570, etc.
  T or K1b    M184/Page34/USP9Y+3178, etc.
 K2   M526/PF5979 -This was previously classified as K(xLT)
  NO or K2a   M214/Page39 etc.
   N or K2a1   M231/Page91 etc.
   O or K2a2   M175 etc.
  K2b   M1221/P331/PF5911
   K2b1   P399
   K2b1a   P405
   K2b1a1   P60, P308
   K2b1a2   P79, P307
   K2b1a3   P315
     K2b1a3a   P401
   S or K2b1a4   M230, etc.
   K2b1b   P336^^
   K2b1c   B273, FGC4774.2/Y10750.2, FGC5411.2, FGC9217.2, FGC15334.3/V1970.3, FGC25357.2/YP2462.2, M10769, Z33356, Z33357, Z33358, Z33359, Z33360, Z33361, Z33362, Z33363, Z33364, Z33365, Z33366, Z33367, Z33368, Z33369, Z33370, Z33371, Z33372, Z33373, Z33374, Z33375, Z33376, Z33377, Z33378, Z33379, Z33380, Z33381, Z33382, Z33383, Z33384, Z33385, Z33386, Z33388, Z33389, Z33390, Z33391, Z33392, Z33393, Z33394, Z33395, Z33396, Z33397, Z33398, Z33399, Z33400, Z33401, Z33402, Z33403, Z33404, Z33405, Z33406, Z33407, Z33408, Z33409, Z33410, Z33411, Z33412, Z33413, Z33414, Z33415, Z33416, Z33417, Z33418, Z33419, Z33420, Z33421, Z33422, Z33423, Z33424, Z33425, Z33426, Z33427, Z33428, Z33429, Z33430, Z33431, Z33432, Z33433, Z33434, Z33435, Z33436, Z33437, Z33438, Z33439, Z33440, Z33442, Z33444, Z33446, Z33447, Z33448, Z33453, Z33457, Z33458, Z33460, Z33462, Z33463, Z33464, Z33465, Z33466, Z33467, Z33468, Z33469, Z33470, Z33473, Z33475, Z33477, Z33478, Z33479, Z33480, Z33481, Z33482, Z33483, Z33484, Z33485, Z33486, Z33487, Z33488, Z33489, Z33491, Z33492, Z33493, Z33494, Z33495, Z33496, Z33497, Z33498, Z33499, Z33500, Z33501, Z33502, Z33503, Z33504, Z33505, Z33506, Z33507, Z33508, Z33509, Z33510, Z33511, Z33512, Z33513, Z33514, Z33515, Z33516, Z33518, Z33519, Z33520, Z33522, Z33523, Z33524, Z33525, Z33526, Z33527, Z33528, Z33529, Z33530, Z33531, Z33532 
   M or K2b1d   P256, etc.
   P or K2b2   P295/PF5866/S8, etc.
  K2c   P261, P263
  K2d   P402, P403
  K2e   M147


Y-DNA haplogroup K is an old lineage established approximately 40,000 thousand years ago whose origins were probably in southwestern Asia. K's structure is interwoven with other haplogroups downstream (refer to the main tree at Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree). The subclades restricted to K itself are found at low frequencies in various parts of Africa, Eurasia, Australia and the South Pacific.


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