Y-DNA Haplogroup L and its Subclades - 2016

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page.   Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.
Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 12 June 2016

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk   SNP Index   Papers/Presentations Cited   Glossary   Listing Criteria
SNP SYMBOLS:  Not on 2015 tree  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items 

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.

^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.

~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact Person for Haplogroup L: Gareth Henson

Link to Experimental Composite Y-DNA Haplogroup L Tree by Ray Banks.

L   M20/PF5570, L855, L863, L878/PF5524, L879/PF5697, M11, M61/Page43, M185/PF5755, M2369/PF5694, M2370/PF5695, M2411/PF5718, M2466/PF5744, M2572/PF5795, M2660/PF5837, M2670/PF5841, M2675/PF5842, M2699/PF5844, PF5516/S7575, PF5517, PF5522, PF5528, PF5532, PF5539, PF5554, PF5557, PF5563, PF5564, PF5583, PF5683, PF5686, PF5692, PF5693, PF5699, PF5705, PF5715, PF5717, PF5720, PF5723, PF5729, PF5732, PF5733, PF5737, PF5743, PF5747, PF5754, PF5756, PF5757, PF5771, PF5773, PF5779, PF5790, PF5791, PF5802, PF5804, PF5806, PF5810, PF5813, PF5815, PF5821, PF5823, PF5829, PF5830, PF5832, PF5833, PF5839
L1   M22, L656, L1304, M295, Page121
• • L1a   M2481, M2565, M2605, M2664, Y5525/Z20163, Y5560/Z20168
• • • L1a1   M27, M76, P329, L1319, L1320, L1321
• • • L1a2   M357, L1307
• • L1b   M317, L655, PH982, PH1071, PH1379, PH2312, PH2342, PH3435, PH3443, PH3615, PH3912, PH4035, PH4159, PH4188, SK1413
• • • L1b1   M349, Page113
• • • • L1b1a   Page116
• • • L1b2   SK1412
• • • • L1b2a~ M274, SK1415, SK1416
• • • • L1b2b~ PH8, PH108, PH612, PH997, PH1060, PH1371, PH1428, PH1520, PH1844, PH2124, PH2161, PH2832, PH2952, PH3298, PH3524, PH4160, PH4366.1, PH4489, PH4587
• • • •  L1b2b1~PH2079
• • • •  L1b2b1a~PH1714, PH3523
• • • •  L1b2b2~PH1099, PH3342
• • • •  L1b2b2a~ PH1728
• • • •  L1b2b2b~ Y18889, Y18890
• • • • L1b2c~SK1414
L2   L595, L877/PF5780, Page6

Y-DNA haplogroup L is found at low frequencies in the Middle East and Europe as paragroup L-M317 (L1b*, originally L2*), subgroup L-M349 (L1b1, originally L2a) and subgroup L-L595 (L2), and at significant frequencies in South Asia as subgroups L-M27 (L1a1, formerly L1a and originally L1) and L-M357 (L1a2, formerly L1c and originally L3).



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Additional Resources:
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
The Y-Haplogroup L Project, Gareth Henson, Peter Hrechdakian.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2016:

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