Y-DNA STR testing chart

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This Y-STR testing chart provides comparative information on the Y-STR Y chromosome DNA tests offered by the major DNA testing companies. Y-STR tests are used for genetic genealogy within a genealogical timeframe and are generally co-ordinated through surname DNA projects.

For background information on purchasing a DNA test see Before You Buy.

Some surname DNA projects offer sponsored Y-DNA tests. To see if your name is included on the list visit our free DNA tests page.

For information on Y-SNP testing for deep ancestry purposes see the Y-DNA SNP testing chart.

This chart is provided for informational purposes only. Additions made upon ISOGG member request. Please submit additions, corrections/updates to .

Company Name
DNA Extraction Fee
10 to 18 STR markers
20 to 27 STR markers
33 to 44 STR markers
45 to 67 STR markers
91 to 111 STR markers
Additional markers
Discount
Surname projects
Geographical projects
Haplogroup projects
Haplogroup SNP test
Haplogroup prediction
Haplogroup chart
DNA storage
Size of database
Public database
Lab(s) used
Company headquarters
Year founded
AncestryDNA
Included
N/A
N/A
$149
33 markers tested[1]
$199
46 markers tested[1]
N/A
No
No[2]
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes (Free)
20 years
Not known
Yes[3]
Sorenson Genomics
Salt Lake City, Utah
2007 (2001)[4]


Family Tree DNA[5]
Included
$49
12 markers tested
$124[6]
25 markers tested
$169 ($149)[7]
37 markers tested
$249 ($229)[7]
67 markers tested
$359 ($339)[7]
111 markers tested
Yes[8]
In projects
Yes
Yes
Yes
$39[9]
Yes[10]
Yes
Yes (Free)
25 years
488,000[11]
Y-Search
3rd-party transfers[12]
Family Tree DNA
Genomics Research Center
Houston, Texas
2000


Genebase
Systems, Inc.
Included
N/A
$119.00 US
20 markers tested
$199.00 US
44 markers tested
$269.00 US
67 markers tested
$339.00 US
91 markers tested
Yes[13]
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
$89 - $99 US[14]
Yes
Unknown
Unknown
Not known
No
Genetrack Biolabs, Inc.
Vancouver,
BC Canada
2005 (1998)[15]


Oxford Ancestors,
Ltd.
Included
£199 (US $309)
15 markers tested
N/A
N/A
£549 (US $853)[16]
65 markers tested
N/A
No
In projects[17]
No
No
No
Base haplogroup only
No
Unknown
No
Not known
No[18]
Oxford
Oxford, England
2000


Chart revised on: October 28, 2013

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 There are these differences from other companies:
    • AncestryDNA counts DYS19 as two markers rather than one.
    • AncestryDNA counts DYS464 as six markers rather than four.
  2. AncestryDNA provides a 15% discount to Relative Genetics Administrators that transferred their projects.
  3. AncestryDNA's database allows users to upload results from other companies/labs.
  4. AncestryDNA took over the consumer marketing and database assets of Relative Genetics in 2007.
  5. Family Tree DNA also processes tests for a number of affiliate companies: African DNA, iGENEA, DNA Ancestry & Family Origin and DNA Worldwide. Participants who join Family Tree DNA's database from these companies will have kit numbers that begin with 'A' from African DNA, 'E' from iGENEA, 'M' from DNA Ancestry & Family Origin, and 'U' from DNA Worldwide. National Geographic Genographic kit transfers begin with 'N'. Family Tree DNA acquired DNA Heritage in April 2011. DNA Heritage customers were given the option of transferring their results to the FTDNA database. DNA Heritage kit numbers begin with the letter 'H'.
  6. Limited to only when ordering a test and joining a project at the same time. Some projects may not allow this level of marker ordering.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Family Tree DNA offers a test cost discount when ordering a test and joining a project at the same time
  8. Additional markers may be ordered through Family Tree DNA's Houston-based Genomics Research Center.
  9. FTDNA customers can purchase custom SNPs for $39 per SNP.
  10. If the haplogroup cannot be predicted with confidence FTDNA will test a backbone SNP panel to identify the haplogroup assignment. For further details see the FTDNA FAQ What is the SNP assurance program?
  11. About the Family Tree DNA database. Accessed 28 October 2013.
  12. Customers who have tested with companies using the Sorenson Genomics Lab (AncestryDNA GeneTree and Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation) can transfer their results to the FTDNA database for a small fee. Third-party kit numbers are preceded with the letter B. For further details see: http://www.familytreedna.com/faq/answers.aspx?id=41
  13. Additional markers may be ordered through Genebase. Pricing varies with each step, 20 to 44, 44 to 67, 67 to 91. There does not seem to be a method of marker upgrade which skips a level of markers tested. For example, 20 to 67, 20 to 91 or 44 to 91 without paying for each individual step in a marker level upgrade.
  14. The SNP test is a haplogroup backbone test which looks at between 7 and 47 Y-SNPs to provide further resolution. See the Genebase store for details of the number of SNPs tested in each haplogroup.
  15. Genebase launched in 2005. Genetrack Biolabs launched in 1998. (http://www.genebase.com/about/?p=3)
  16. An upgrade from 15 markers to 65 markers is available for £369 (US $574
  17. There is a sliding scale of project-based fees from £145 (US $226) each for 5-10 members to £135 (US $210) each for 21-30 members.
  18. Oxford's Y-Chromosome database was once partially accessible to the public. When partially accessible, the database was viewable, but only Oxford customers could add to it, and contact any matches. Now the database is closed to all but Oxford's customers. An extra layer of security was added requiring you have a customer number. This allows you to receive a database access code.

Notes

African DNA, AncestryDNA, BritainsDNA, DNA Ancestry & Family Origin, Family Tree DNA, Genebase, iGENEA, IrelandsDNA, National Geographic Genographic, Oxford Ancestors, ScotlandsDNA and YorkshiresDNA are registered, trademarked, and/or copyrighted names of companies, websites and organizations, not affiliated with ISOGG.

For a detailed comparison of the individual Y-STR markers tested by each company see Michael L. Hébert's Y-DNA Testing Company STR Marker Comparison Chart

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