Y-DNA famous people

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The results for Y-DNA tests are either from ancient Y-DNA (aY-DNA) presumed or confirmed to be from the famous men, or directly from the living men themselves (Y-DNA), or from men who claim or are comfirmed paternal line relatives (rY-DNA), or from men who have inferred paternal descent (dY-DNA) from historical figures. Scientists make the inference as a hypothesis which could be disproved or improved by future research. Usually Y-STRs are tested and the haplogroup only predicted, Y-SNP confirms the haplogroup by SNP testing.

Contents

Tutankhamun, 18th Dynasty of Egypt, presumed aY-STR

Y-STR testing on some of the related male Mummies of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt (ca. 1550–1292 BC) predicted them to belong to R1b-M269 [1] [2]. However the Y-chromosome of King Tut (ruled ca. 1332 BC) has never been published, and his DNA profile was reconstructed at Zurich-based DNA genealogy centre, iGENEA, based on some screencaps from a Discovery Channel documentary that may or may not belong to the Pharaoh.[1]

Ramesses III

According to a genetic study in December 2012, Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty  and considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a, mainly found in West Africa, Central Africa, Southwest Africa and Southeast Africa.[35]

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II of Russia has been predicted as having an R1b haplotype.[36][37]DYS39339019391385a385b439389i392389ii458456635Y-GATA-H4437438448Alleles1324141011141113132917162412151219

Ötzi the Iceman

Ötzi the Iceman has been found to be Y-DNA haplogroup G2a2b.[38] The actual term used was G2a4, but the presumed L91 mutation has since been given a new category, G2a2b.

French Kings from Henry IV to Louis XVI "Bourbon"

King Louis XVI of France from a genetic test on blood in a cloth purported to have been collected at his beheading and maintained in an ornate gourd decorated with French Revolution themes. Confirmation of this genetic profile requires testing of a known relative.  The sample was tested at two laboratories with the same results.[39] The sample is most consistent with G2a3b1a samples and contains unusually high, rare values for markers DYS385B and DYS458 in this haplogroup G subgroup. Subsequent testing in 2012 on a mummified head, purportedly that of King Henri IV of France, revealed that typing of a limited number of Y-STR's showed a Y-Dna haplogroup of G2a. Reported researchers: "Five STR loci [from the sample taken from the head] match the alleles found in Louis XVI, while another locus shows an allele that is just one mutation step apart. Taking into consideration that the partial Y-chromosome profile is extremely rare in modern human databases, we concluded that both males could be paternally related."[40][41] The two French kings were separated by seven generations.DYS39339019391385A385B439389I392389II458456437438YGATAH4DYS635Alleles14221510131812121130211515101221

Birger Magnusson

Birger Jarl, the founder of Stockholm the modern capital of Sweden, according to Andreas Carlsson at The National Board of Forensic Medicine of Sweden, belonged to haplogroup I1.  Birger Magnusson was the ancestor of a line of kings of both Sweden and Norway, starting with his son Valdemar Birgersson.[42]

Deduction by descendant testing

John Adams and John Quincy Adams

United States presidents John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b. (assuming paternity matches the reported genealogy)[43]

Cao Cao, the Cao Wei State of Ancient China & the Takamuko Clan of Japan

Chinese warlord Cao Cao, who was posthumously titled Emperor Wu of the state of Cao Wei, apparently belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2 according to DNA tests of some documented descendants.[44][45]  The Takamuko clan of Japan claims agnatic descent from Cao Pi, who was the first Emperor of the state of Cao Wei and the eldest son of Cao Cao.  This suggests that the Takamuko clan also belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup O2.  The Takamuko clan is most famous for Takamuko no Kuromaro.

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin belonged to Haplogroup R1b, based on a sample from his great-great-grandson. (assuming paternity being as the family argues)[46]Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1b2* E-Z830, with a sample taken from a paternal descendants of Naphtali Hirsch Einstein[47][48

Gediminas

See also: Jagiellon dynastyAs it was thought that the Lithuanian family of Gediminas or the Gediminids might ultimately belong to the Rurikid line, the same Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project sought to discover the haplogroup of their famous founder Gediminas. It was surprisingly found that while this is not precisely the case, the Gediminids also belong to the Y-DNA Haplogroup N1c1, yet of a different subclade. In fact the Gediminids and Rurikids are actually very distant cousins, sharing a common ancestor circa 2,500 years ago.[49]PersonDYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dKhovanskyAlleles142315111113111210151531179911122514192714141515CzartoryskiAlleles142315111113111211141530179911122514192914141515GalitzineAlleles142315111113111211141530179911122514192814141515TrubetskoyAlleles142315111113111210131529179911122514202814141515Ysearch: HP2VB, 7FWBE, HUD38,Russian Nobility DNA Project- note, however, that this information originally came from the Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project: [2]

Genghis Khan

Main article: Descent from Genghis KhanDNA purported to be from Genghis Khan does not have the benefit of near and easily documented lineages.  A distinct 'modal' result centers today on Mongolia.According to Zerjal et al. (2003),[50] Genghis Khan is believed to have belonged to Haplogroup C-M130711(xC3c-M48).DYS393390391425426434435436437i438439388389i389ii392Alleles13251012111111128101014102611According to Family Tree DNA,[51] Genghis Khan is believed to have belonged to Haplogroup C-M217.Extended 25 Marker Y-DNA modal based on Mongolians matching the above modal haplotype in the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation database,[52] which also  corresponds to the modal assigned to Genghis Khan released by Family Tree DNA:[51]DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dAlleles132516101213111410131129188811122614222711111216Ysearch:↵GF44BOxford university's department of biochemistry gives an extended haplotype (SMGF standard allele count).[53]DYS393392449446390389b464a464b464c464d461394458462391459a459b460YGATAA10385a385b455YGATAH4Alleles13112721251611111216111718131088101312131111DYSYGATAC4426454YCAIIaYCAIIbGGAAT1B07388447456441439437442445389I448438452444463Alleles2111122223101426151510141112132510311423Ysearch: GF44B (78 Y-STRs)Gia LongGia Long, who was the first emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam as founded by the Nguyen-Phuoc family, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2a according to the DNA test of one documented descendant (if paternity matches genealogy).[54]  Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding.

Gia Long

Gia Long, who was the first emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam as founded by the Nguyen-Phuoc family, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2a according to the DNA test of one documented descendant (if paternity matches genealogy).[54]  Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding.

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup I1.[18][55]DYS39339019391385A385B426388439389I392389II458459A459B455454447437448449464A464B464C464DAlleles132214;1510131411141213112915898112216203112141515DYS460GATA-H4YCAIIAYCAIIB456607576570CDYACDYB442438Alleles101019211416161935381210

William Harvey

Famous English physician William Harvey, who was the first in the Western world to describe  systemic circulation, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1, more specifically to the subclade E1b1b1c1 (M34). Most ancient ancestor known was Humphrey Harvey (1459–1526, Kent, England). Ysearch: B2YWY. Look also Harvey Y-DNA Genetic Project

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, is believed to belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b1 (E-M35), an haplogroup which originated in East Africa about 22,400 years BP.[56] According to Ronny Decorte, genetics expert at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven who sampled Hitler's current patrilineal living relatives, Hitler "would not have been happy" as the research could be interpreted to show that his own origins were neither "pure" nor "Aryan". Decorte said that permission from the Russian government to make a conclusive analysis of the jawbone of Adolf Hitler, or from the bloodstained cloth of the sofa where he committed suicide would put an end to the speculations, but that had not been granted.[57][58]Family Tree DNA, the largest Y-chromosome testing organization for genealogy and ancestry purposes later announced that the interpretation of Hitler’s ancestry given by certain media outlets, based on information released by Jean-Paul Mulders and historian Marc Vermeeren, is "highly questionable". With a Y-chromosome database containing close to 200,000 samples from different populations, Family Tree DNA’s Chief Y-DNA Scientist, Professor Michael Hammer said that "scientific studies as well as records from our own database make it clear that one cannot reach the kind of conclusion featured in the published articles." Based on Family Tree DNA records, no less than 9% of the populations of Germany and Austria belong to the haplogroup E1b1b, and among those, the vast majority - about 80% -are not associated with Jewish ancestry. "This data clearly show that just because one person belongs to the branch of the Y-chromosome referred to as haplogroup E1b1b, that does not mean the person is likely to be of Jewish ancestry," said Professor Hammer.Mulders confirmed the misinterpretation of his account with the following statement to Family Tree DNA: "I never wrote that Hitler was a Jew, or that he had a Jewish grandfather. I only wrote that Hitler's haplogroup is E1b1b, being more common among Berbers, Somalian people and Jews than among overall Germans. This, in order to convey that he was not exactly what during the Third Reich would have been called 'Aryan.' All the rest are speculations of journalists who didn't even take the trouble to read my article, although I had it translated into English especially for this purpose."[59]Interpretations claiming that these DNA results show that Hitler possibly had Jewish ancestry are contradicted by the conclusion of Jean-Paul Mulders: "Hitler had no Jewish blood nor a French son."[60] [unreliable source?]

Thomas Jefferson

Main article: Jefferson DNA dataDirect male-line descendants of a cousin of United States president Thomas Jefferson were DNA tested to investigate historical assertions that Jefferson fathered children with his slave Sally Hemings.[61]  An extended 17-marker haplotype was published in 2007,[62] and the company Family Tree DNA has also published results for other markers in its standard first 12-marker panel.[63]  Combining these sources gives the consolidated 21-marker haplotype below. The Jeffersons belong to Haplogroup T (former K2).DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii437460438461462436434435DXYS156YAlleles13241510131611121212152714109111312111112(Note: the value of DXYS 156Y was reported as 7 in the original paper.  This is believed to translate to 12 in the convention now used by DNA testing labs and online databases).

Napoleon

Napoleon Bonaparte belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*). This haplogroup has its highest concentration in Ethiopia and in the Near East (Jordan). According to the authors of the study, "Probably Napoléon also knew his remote oriental patrilineal origins, because Francesco Buonaparte (the Giovanni son), who was a mercenary under the orders of the Genoa Republic in Ajaccio in 1490, was nicknamed “The Maur of Sarzane” ".[64]

Niall of the Nine Hostages

Main article: Niall of the Nine HostagesA recent study conducted at Trinity College, Dublin,[65] found that a striking percentage of men in Ireland (and quite a few in Scotland) share the same Y chromosome.  Results suggested that the 5th-century warlord known as "Niall of the Nine Hostages" (or a male ancestor) may be the male-line ancestor of one in 12 Irishmen.  Niall established a dynasty of powerful chieftains who dominated the island for six centuries.  Niall belongs to Haplogroup R1b1c7 (M222). It should be noted that Dr. Moore's results examined some different parts of DNA (loci) from the result given here.DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dAlleles1325141111131212121314291791011112515183015161617Ysearch: M5UKQ

Nurhaci & the Qing Dynasty of China

Nurhaci, founding father of the Qing Dynasty, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup C3c according to DNA tests of men from northeastern China and Mongolia which revealed a unique haplotype. This haplotype belongs to haplogroup C3c, and is estimated to be about five centuries old. Its very recent spread corresponds with the rise to power of the Qing dynasty.[66]  Testing of known descendants of Nurhaci would help confirm this finding.

Fred Phelps

Main article: Fred Phelps Fred Phelps, the creator of the infamous Westboro Baptist Church, belongs to haplogroup R1b.↵He descends from James Phelps of Chowan, North Carolina.[67][68]Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan

Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan

belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1.[69][70]

Fath Ali Shah Qajar

Fath Ali Shah Qajar (1772-1834), the second emperor/shah of the Qajar Dynasty of Persia belonged to haplogroup J1 with DYS388 = 13 as deducted from testing of descendants of several of his sons.[71]

Edmund Rice

Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to haplogroup I1.[72]

====Rurik of NovgorodRurik====, whose male-line descendants founded Kievan Rus', and ultimately the Tsardom of Russia including Ivan the Terrible until 1598, belonged to the Uralo-Finnic Y-DNA Haplogroup N (N1c1).[73][74] Most living Princes of the Rurik Dynasty or Rurikids also belong to this haplogroup, specifically those descending from Vladimir II Monomakh. The remainder belong to Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA) below, and so have been suggested to be of Slavic origin.PersonDYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dPuzynaAlleles142314101113111211131429189911122514192814141414GagarinAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122514192914151515RzhevskyAlleles142314111113111210141431189910122514192914141515KropotkinAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122414192814141515MyshetskyAlleles142314111113111211141530189911122514193214141515VadbolskyAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122514192714141515KhilkovAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122514192914141515PutyatinAlleles142314111113111210141431189911122514193014141515Ysearch: EAKVQ,  WYAK3, HP2VB,Russian Nobility DNA Project - note, however, that this information originally came from the Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project: [3]

All Russian emperors from at least Nicholas I to Nicholas II "Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov"

The haplotype of Nicholas II of Russia has been predicted to belong to R1b.[36][37]It matched a member of another line of Nicholas I's descendants. So, all the Emperors from Nicholas I to Nicholas II shared this Y-DNA. It can also be said that this result is German-specific, so Paul I was most likely the real son of his official father Peter III, and not the son of a lover, as was speculated.[citation needed][dubious – discuss]It also allowed to validate the remains of Alexei, son of Nicholas II.

Somerled

Main articles: Somerled and Clann SomhairleIn 2003 Oxford University researchers traced the Y-chromosome signature of Somerled of Argyll, one of Scotland's greatest warriors, who is credited with driving out the Vikings. He was also paternal grandfather of the founder of Clan Donald.  Through clan genealogies, the genetic relation was mapped out.[75] Somerled belongs to haplogroup R1a1.In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford University led to the conclusion that Somerled has possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common historical ancestor after Genghis Khan.[76] Sykes deduced that despite Somerled's reputation for having driven out the Vikings from Scotland, Somerled's own Y-DNA most closely matched that of the Vikings he fought.The Y-DNA sequence is as follows (12 markers):[77]DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dAlleles1325151111141212101411311681011112314203112151516Ysearch: YS495

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin, from a genetic test on his grandson (his son Vasily's son, Alexander Burdonsky) and his grand-nephew, is shown to be Y-DNA-wise of G2a1.[78]DYS39339019391385A385B426388439389I392389II458459A459B455454447437448449464A464B464C464DAlleles14231591516111211111028179911112516212813131414

====Zachary Taylor====, William McKinley and Woodrow WilsonAll these United States presidents belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1c (assuming actual paternity matches their genealogy).[18]

Leo Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy, the Russian writer, belonged to Haplogroup I1

Tonu Trubetsky

R1a1a, shown not related to real Princes Trubetskoy.DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dAlleles1325151111141212101311311591011112514213212121414Ysearch: WUZG2

Colla Uais

Main article: Colla UaisColla Uais had previously been deduced as belonging to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b, based on results from DNA projects, and as having the following haplotype:[18] This identification proved to be ill-founded and has since been revoked.[79]DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dAlleles1324141011141212121313301891011112515193015151717

John L. Worden

John Lorimer Worden of the U.S. Navy, commanding officer of U.S.S. Monitor in the Battle of Hampton Roads, first historical confrontation between iron made ships, as member of main lineage of Worden family, is supposed to belong to Y-DNA haplogroup J2b2.[80]

The Wright Brothers

The Wright Brothers of the United States belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1, subclade E1b1b1a2 (V13). They were supposedly descended from Robert Wright of Brook Hall, Essex, England.[citation needed] Look at Wright DNA ProjectDYS39339019391385A385B426388439389I392389IIAlleles132413101618111212131129[81]

Zhu Xi & the Ming Dynasty of China

Zhu Xi, the most influential Neo-Confucian scholar and philosopher in Chinese history, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2a1a according to the DNA test of one documented descendant.[82]  This finding is significant since Zhu Xi was allegedly a distant cousin several times removed of Zhu Yuanzhang, founding emperor and ancestor of China's Ming Dynasty according to Zhu (surname) records.  Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants of Zhu Xi is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding.  Furthermore, testing of documented descendants of Zhu Yuanzhang would help confirm whether there is in fact a recent, common male ancestry between Zhu Xi and the Emperors of the Ming Dynasty.

Mohammed, Prophet, Hashemites, rY-STR + rY-SNP

Arab DNA forums and DNA Project admins reported that two test results of members of the Jordanian royal family (private kits) are positive for L859. The possible Y-DNA ancestor is Abdul Muttalib (497-578), the grandfather of Islamic prophet Muhammad (570-632). The haplogroup J1-P58-L147.1-L858-L859 can be observed in other members of Hashemites clan, founded by the great-grandfather of Muhammad and also within the larger paternal Quraish tribe. No descendant by classical genealogy (Hashemite, Sharif, Abbasid) of Abdul Muttalib has confirmed positive testing for L859.

DYS 393 390 19 391 385 426 388 439 389i 392 389ii 458 459 455 454 447 437 448 449 464 460 Y-GATA-H4 YCAII 456 607 576 570 CDY 442 438 531 578 DYF395S1 590 537 641 472 DYF406S1 511 425 413 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 710 485 632 495 540 714 716 717 505 556 549 589 522 494 533 636 575 638 462 452 445 Y-GATA-A10 463 441 Y-GGAAT-1B07 525 712 593 650 532 715 504 513 561 552 726 635 587 643 497 510 434 461 435
Alleles 13 24 14 11 11-14 10 13 13 30 16 14 19 10 15 12

Emperor Nicholas I & II, Russia, House of Oldenburg, aY-STR + dY-STR

Y-STR extracted from a bloodstained shirt of Nicholas II of Russia (1868–1918) has been predicted as having an R1b haplotype.[2][3] Testing of descendants of the greatgreatgrandfather Nicholas I of Russia (1796–1855) has confirmed the haplotype. Possible Y-DNA ancestor is Christian I of Denmark (1426-1481) from the influential Royal House of Oldenburg with many branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Russia, Greece, Norway, Schleswig, Holstein, Oldenburg and Sweden.

DYS 393 390 19 391 385 426 388 439 389i 392 389ii 458 459 455 454 447 437 448 449 464 460 Y-GATA-H4 YCAII 456 607 576 570 CDY 442 438 531 578 DYF395S1 590 537 641 472 DYF406S1 511 425 413 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446 617 568 487 572 640 492 565 710 485 632 495 540 714 716 717 505 556 549 589 522 494 533 636 575 638 462 452 445 Y-GATA-A10 463 441 Y-GGAAT-1B07 525 712 593 650 532 715 504 513 561 552 726 635 587 643 497 510 434 461 435
Alleles 13 24 14 10 11-14 11 13 13 29 17 15 19 12 16 12 24

Figures from popular culture

Warren Buffett and Jimmy Buffett

Warren Buffett and Jimmy Buffett belong to Y-DNA haplogroup I1 which is most common in and around Scandinavia.[83] However, they are not closely related.[84]

Wyatt Emory Cooper and Anderson Cooper

Wyatt Emory Cooper and Anderson Cooper belong to Y-DNA haplogroup R1a.[18]

Nick Donofrio

Nick Donofrio belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2.[85]

Tom Hanks

American actor Tom Hanks, a descendant of William Hanks of Richmond, Virginia, belongs to haplogroup R1a1.[86][87]

William Welles Hollister

William Welles Hollister, a famous Californian rancher, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1a1. William was a direct descendant of John Hollister, an early colonist who immigrated to New England in 1612.[88][89]

Eddie Izzard

Eddie Izzard belongs to haplogroup I-M223 according to the documentary series Meet the Izzards.[90]

Matt Lauer

Matt Lauer belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2.[18]

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa, belongs to Haplogroup E1b1a (Y-DNA) (also known as E-M2) typical of Bantu peoples.[22][24]

Mike Nichols

Mike Nichols belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2a1b.[91]

Dr. Mehmet Cengis Oz also known as Dr. Oz

Dr. Mehmet Oz belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2a1b.[92]

Chris Rock

American comedian Chris Rock belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup B (subclade B2a1). He is paternally descended from the Uldeme people of Cameroon.[93]

Al Roker

Al Roker, United States broadcaster, belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup E, common among African peoples.[18]

The Rothschilds

The Rothschilds belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2.[94]

Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu, South African retired Archbishop of Cape Town, according to a study on Southern African genetics belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a1g.[21]

Spencer Wells

Spencer Wells, the project director of The Genographic Project, is a member of haplogroup R1b.[95]

References

  1. The Tutankhamun DNA Project, Igenea,
  2. "http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2009/02/y-chromosome-of-tsar-nicholas-ii.html". Dienekes.blogspot.com. 2009-02-27. doi:10.1073/pnas.0811190106. http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2009/02/y-chromosome-of-tsar-nicholas-ii.html. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  3. "Supporting Information (The last Russian emperor)" (PDF). http://www.pnas.org/content/suppl/2009/02/27/0811190106.DCSupplemental/0811190106SI.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-12.