From ISOGG Wiki
|Founder(s)||Lucas Martin and Eduardas Valaitis|
|Headquarters||Arlington, Virginia, USA|
|Products||Autosomal STR tests|
DNA Tribes is a personal genomics and biotechnology company based in Arlington, Virginia, USA, that allows individuals to have their genetic ancestry analyzed based on autosomal STR genetic markers developed by the FBI for individual identification in a forensic context. Autosomal DNA is inherited from both maternal and paternal ancestors. The methodology is a cheek swab kit which is delivered to the customer's home and then sealed and returned for analysis. Results are delivered to the customer via e-mail. The analysis identifies a person's best genetic fits among actual world populations.
The company was founded in 2006 by Lucas Martin and Eduardes Valaitis. Lucas Martin passed away on 28 September 2014 at the age of 34.
Autosomal STR tests
The DNA Tribes tests look at autosomal short tandem repeat STR genetic markers. Autosomal STRs were developed by the FBI for individual identification. Using this system, each person's DNA profile serves as a genetic fingerprint for that individual, with typically less than one in a trillion chance of sharing an identical profile with anyone in the world. Because each autosomal STR profile is so unique to each person, these genetic markers are also the industry standard for court-admissible paternity and maternity testing. DNA Tribes use this highly unique autosomal STR genetic profile to measure a person’s genetic connections to populations and major regions around the world. These are the same genetic markers developed and used by the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the United States.
DNA Tribes' proprietary analysis has been developed by Dr. Eduardas Valaitis, whose background includes extensive work in multivariate analysis and classification, which involves identifying mathematical structure present within large and complex datasets. The company performs an analysis of world populations to identify genetic structure.
As of July 2013 DNA Tribes offer tests at two different levels: 22 and 26 markers. Previously tests were offered at three different levels: 15, 21 and 27 markers.
Currently, DNA Tribes has 920 sample populations in its autosomal STR database collected by researchers from 305,000 individuals, including 673 populations classified as indigenous populations, and 195 populations classified as Diaspora populations, including multiple Jewish populations from Israel and the world Jewish Diaspora.
DNA Tribes' world region analysis is based on the subdivision of ten inhabited major world regions including: European, Near Eastern, Native North American, Sub-Saharan African, Central Asian, South Asian, East Asian, Native Central American, Native South American, and Pacific. These regions are divided into 36 world sub-regions.
Autosomal SNP analysis
DNA Tribes do not sell any autosomal SNP tests but they do offer an autosomal SNP analysis service. A geographical "deep ancestry" analysis can be performed using the raw data from any one of the companies that offers a SNP microarray test. The reports provide admixture percentages, multi-dimensional scaling (MDA) plots and a genotype comparison with over 280 populations in the company's SNP database.
- DNA Tribes Test/Analysis Research Log A web page maintained by Charles Kerchner where people can enter details of their expected results from prior knowledge together with their actual results from the DNA Tribes test.
- My DNA Tribes results by Aidan Byrne, 15 March 2013. A review of the DNA Tribes autosomal SNP analysis service.
- Seeking Ancestry in DNA Ties Uncovered by Tests Article by Amy Hamon in the New York Times, 12 April 2006
- Diving into the gene pool Article by Carolina A Miranda in Time magazine, 20 August 2006
- Get your genes on Article by Jeff Yan in the San Francisco Chronicle, 9 November 2006
- DNA ancestry testing leaves some in doubt Article by Ron Nixon in the San Franciso Chronicle, 2 December 2007
- Lucas Michael Martin obituary Website of the Everly-Wheatley Funeral Home, accessed 18 June 2015.
- DNA Tribes SNP analysis service, DNA Tribes website, accessed 19 July 2013
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "DNA Tribes".|