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DNA Haplotypes (DNA signatures) for famous,
or infamous, homo sapiens*

Mitochondrial DNA - mtDNA

The Romanovs - The Last Russian Royal Family

In July 1991, nine bodies were exhumed from a shallow grave just outside Ekaterinburg, Russia.  Circumstantial evidence, along with mitochondrial DNA sequencing and matches, gave strong evidence to the remains being those of the Romanovs, the last Russian Royals who were executed on July 18, 1918.  The following sequences for Tsar Nicholas II,  his cousin, Count Nicholai Trubetskoy, Tsarina Alexandra, and Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, are taken from Bryan Sykes book, "The Seven Daughters of Eve."

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Tsar Nicholas Romanov T 16126C, 16169Y, 16294T, 16296T 73G, 263G, 315.1C
Count Trubetskoy T 16126C, 16169Y, 16294T, 16296T 73G, 263G, 315.1C

The Tsar's sequence contains a new mutation at position 169, a state referred to as heteroplasmy - the existence of more than one mitochondrial type in the cells of an individual, i.e., the presence of both normal and mutant mtDNA in a single individual.  The remains of his brother, Grand Duke of Russia, Georgij Romanov were exhumed, and the results were identical to the Tsar's, including the heteroplasmy at 16169Y.  Mitosearch: DQR2R

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Tsarina Alexandra H 16111T, 16357C 263G, 315.1C
Prince Philip H 16111T, 16357C 263G, 315.1C

Tsarina Alexandra, the three children buried with her, and Prince Philip's mitochondrial DNA were an exact match on 740 tested nucleotides.  Mitosearch: 2ZACX

Stanford University's, Alec Knight's 2003 paper, "Molecular, forensic and haplotypic inconsistencies regarding the identity of the Ekaterinburg remains"   presents a conclusion that the identity of the Ekaterinburg remains has not been established.

Marie Antoinette

DNA was extracted from a lock of Marie Antoinette's hair that was snipped from her head as a child.  Her DNA matched a sample taken from a heart believed to be from her son, King Louis XVII. (Source article)   Marie Antoinette's farthest known maternal line ancestor: Bertha von Putelendorf, d 1190. Mitosearch: RZBYG

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Marie Antoinette H

16519C

152C, 194T, 263G, 315.1C

Jesse James

In 1995, the infamous outlaw, Jesse James' body was exhumed for DNA testing.  Samples of hair and other fragments from his first burial site at his home were also recovered and sampled, along with mtDNA samples extracted from two living James' relatives.  All samples resulted in a perfect match, thus concluding that the body in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, is indeed that of Jesse James. Mitosearch: EEYCU (Source article)

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Jesse James T2 16126C, 16274A, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C

Petrarch - The Italian Poet

In 2003, the remains of the 14th century Italian scholar, poet, and humanist, Francesco Petrarca were exhumed and DNA was extracted from a tooth and a rib.  Gender testing revealed that the tooth was from a female and the rib was from a male.  Petrach's grave had been violated by thieves in 1630, but the rib that was analyzed is believed to be his as skeletal injuries are consistent with those he received from a kick by a donkey. (SourceRead more 

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Petrarch J2 16126C, 16193T, 16311C

James "Earthquake McGoon" McGovern

The first American combat fatality (along with his co-pilot) in Vietnam, James "Earthquake McGoon" McGovern was a WWII fighter ace.  On May 6, 1954, his plane was shot down over Laos.  The remains were discovered in 2002 and DNA testing was conducted in 2006. (SourceRead more 

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
McGovern H1 16519C

Nicholas Copernicus

The first astronomer to propose a heliocentric model which displaced the Earth as the center of the universe

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Copernicus H* 16129A,16316G,16519C 263G,315.1C

Ancient DNA Haplotypes

Cheddar Man

In 1903, skeletal remains were found in a cave in Cheddar, England. The remains of a 23 year-old man, who was killed by a blow to the face, were discovered to be at least 9,000 years old. Ninety-four years after the discovery of "Cheddar Man", scientists were able to extract mitochondrial DNA from his tooth cavity. Mitosearch: 7MRU2

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Cheddar Man U5a 16192T, 16270T

Bryan Sykes, and his team at Oxford University distributed DNA test kits to local Cheddar schools, and a match was found to a local schoolteacher, Adrian Targett. Read more on Cheddar Man.

Ice Man - Otzi of Italy

Widely known as "Otzi (Oetzi)" the Iceman found in 1991 in the Italian Alps, is also known as "Similaun Man".  Of the Neolithic era, Otzi lived between 3350-3300 B.C. in the "Copper Age". He was believed to be 46-years old when he died at the top of a mountain pass from wounds received. Mitosearch: 93GK5 Read more on Otzi.

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Ice Man K 16224C, 16311C

Ice Maiden - "Juanita" of Peru

Also known as "Juanita", the Inca Ice Maiden was discovered on Mount Ampato, near Arequipa, Peru by Johann Reinhard in 1995.  She was sacrificed sometime around the ages of 12-14 and lived about 500 years ago.  Her body lay frozen at the mountaintop until a nearby volcanic eruption melted Mount Ampato's ice cap.  Mitosearch: H35HN

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Ice Maiden A 16111T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A

Luke the Evangelist - aka St. Luke

A doctor, but better known as the biblical author of the "Gospel According to Luke", Luke the Evangelist was believed to have been born in Antioch, in the Roman province of Syria.  Historical sources cite that he died at the age of 84 in Thebes (Greece) around the year 150 A.D.  His body was interred first in Constantinople, and then later transferred to Padua, Italy.  Geneticists have tested the remains believed to be those of Luke, and sampled Syrian and Greek populations for comparison.   They've determined that the body attributed as Luke's, is likely of Syrian origin.
(Source article)

Name Haplo mtDNA  Sequence
Luke H 16235G, 16291T


Y-Chromosome DNA
NOTE
: The following haplotypes are extracted from living descendants.   In the instance of ancient haplotypes, those haplotypes have been hypothesized based on a "founder's theory".

Thomas Jefferson - Sally Hemmings

In 1998, the most famous Y-chromosome DNA testing case ever to debut, asked "Did Thomas Jefferson father children by his slave, Sally Hemmings?"

Five descendants of Thomas Jefferson's paternal uncle, Field Jefferson, were tested.   John Weeks Jefferson, the only living male descended from Eston Hemmings in a direct Y-chromosome line of descent, confirmed that they share a common Jefferson ancestor.  Whether that ancestor was Thomas Jefferson has been a subject of controversy among the descendants.  Y-Search: Q8UXG

 
    DYS#
  *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
8
3
8
9
|
I
3
8
9
|
II
3
9
2
1
5
6
Y
*
Jefferson

T

13 24 15 10 12 12 27 15 7

Genghis Khan - An Asian Alpha Male

As eight percent of twenty-one hundred Central Asian males tested had a "unique Y-chromosome lineage", it has been deduced that this may be the "founder" lineage of Genghis Khan. 
Y-Search: PVU76  (Source)

 
    DYS#
  *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
3
9
1
4
2
5
4
2
6
4
3
4
4
3
5
4
3
6
4
3
7
4
3
8
4
3
9
3
8
8

3
8
9
|
I

3
8
9
|
II
3
9
2
Genghis Khan

C(xC3c)

13 25 10 12 11 11 11 12 8 10 10 14

10

26 11

Niall of the Nine Hostages

Niall Noigíallach, was a High King of Ireland, and the father of millions of descendants.  He lived in the 5th century, and his estimated death date is 450/455 AD (Source).  The Southern and Northern Uí Néill (meaning "descendants of Niall"; Uí pronounced 'Ee') dynasties produced the Irish High Kings for centuries and includes St. Columba, Niall's great-great grandson.

    DYS#
  *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5

A
3
8
5

B
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
A
4
5
9
B
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
A
4
6
4
B
4
6
4
C
4
6
4
D
Niall

R1b

13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 16 16 17

Somerled - The Norse Scot foe of the Vikings

Tradition has that the great Somerled of Argyll, born c. 1100AD, was descended from Irish kings.  However, his deduced ancestral haplotype says otherwise.   He may have been kin to the very Vikings that he tore the hearts out of. (Source article)

    DYS#
  *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5

A
3
8
5

B
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
I
3
9

2
3
8
9
|
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
A
4
5
9
B
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
A
4
6
4
B
4
6
4
C
4
6
4
D
Somerled

R1a

13 25 15 11 11 14 12 12 10 14 11 31 16 8 10 11 11 23 14 20 31 12 15 15 16

(An additional 12 markers for Somerled has been deduced by Mark MacDonald.)

Coming soon (hopefully): Billy the Kid, Christopher ColumbusJohn Paul Jones, Joan of Arc, and  Jamestowne settler, Bartholomew Gosnold

NOT coming soon: Mozart, Bartholomew Gosnold, Joan of Arc and Chopin


*NOTE: 
All of the above haplotypes are the result of scientific genetics studies, and most, if not all, have been published in scientific journals.  Genghis Khan, Niall, and Somerled's haplotypes have been deduced using a "Founder's Theory", a hypothesis that modern DNA haplotypes reveal the modal signature of the common ancestral alpha male.   Submissions of additional haplotypes are welcome, please submit the values along with an online link to the scientific publication of the subject's study to ISOGG.  Submissions will be reviewed and ISOGG reserves the right to accept or decline submissions.  The purpose of the "Famous DNA" page is to provide a compilation of famous historical homo sapiens sapiens haplotypes to aid individuals with their haplotype comparisons.

*The full name for 156Y is DXYS156Y (the Y version of a marker that can be found on both the X and Y chromosomes).

 

[Ancient DNA]     [Famous Haplogroups]  [Founding Father DNA]   [Neanderthal DNA]
[Presidential DNA]

 

Photo in header: The Romanovs
Source text for Romanovs'
Jefferson, and Khan DNA:
Forensic DNA Typing by John Butler

Source text for Marie Antoinette's
DNA: European Journal of Human
Genetics, vol6 pp383-395 (1998)

and vol 9, pp185-190, (2001) 
Compiled by K. Borges with 

thanks to D. Reynolds, W. Hurst,
S. Perkins,
C. Kerchner, U. Perego
D. Devine, R. Canada and L. Mayka
for their
assistance with this page!
Copyright © 2005-2010
The International Society of Genetic Genealogy
www.isogg.org
All Rights Reserved

Page last updated: 12/07/2010

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