Ethnic Origins DNA Testing Company Comparison

     DNA analysis of your ethnic origins is accomplished primarily through two types of DNA testing: autosomal and SNP testing.  Autosomal (also referred to as Admixture or Bio-geographical Assay) is the DNA that you receive from both parents; the non-sex-determining chromosomes that recombine.
     A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP - pronounced "snip") is a change that occurs when a single nucleotide (A, T, G, or C) in the genome sequence is altered.  A person's multiple SNPs create a unique DNA pattern that can identify deep ancestral origins on a direct paternal or direct maternal line.
NOTE: If a DNA company lists that they can identify an African or Native American tribe, this means you may have matches to people who have tested from those tribes.  It does NOT mean that you are FROM that tribe, merely that you have genetic cousins in those tribes.  Keep in mind that people in tribes intermarry, just as people in different towns intermarry so that is why most people have matches from several different tribes.

Autosomal
Data current as of:
28 October 2009
DNA Tribes Family Tree DNA 23andMe
Cost $199.99 $184/$257 $399
Discount $25 for updates On pkgs & add-ons N/A
African ancestry test Yes Yes Yes
African tribe identified? Yes No No
Native American test Yes Yes Yes5
NA tribe identified? Yes No No
Jewish ancestry test Yes1 N/A2 No
Scientific database Yes Yes3 Yes
Is scientific database private? Yes No Yes
Are scientific papers used?
If yes, are results conclusive?
Yes/Yes Yes/No Yes/No5
Sponsored public database No Y-Match4 No
DNA storage No Yes (Free)
25 yrs.
No
Lab(s) used Genetic Testing
Laboratories
FTDNA's Genomics Research Center LabCorp
Company hdqrts Arlington, VA Houston, Texas Mountain View, CA
Year founded 2006 2000 2007

SNP - Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Data current as of:
28 July 2009
African
Ancestry
Ethnoancestry Family Tree DNA Warrior Roots 23andMe
Cost $349/$349
(Y-DNA/mtDNA)
$1256
(Y-DNA)
$79
(Y-DNA8)
$199.95
 (Y-DNA)
$399
(Y-DNA/mtDNA)
Discount $590 for any 2 tests On upgrades7 N/A $349.95 for both10 N/A
African ancestry test Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
African tribe identified? Sometimes No No No No
Native American test Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes5
NA tribe identified? Sometimes No No No No
Jewish ancestry test N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cohanim Test? N/A Yes Yes No No
Scientific database Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Is scientific database private? Yes Yes No9  No* Yes
Are scientific papers used?
If yes, are results conclusive?
Yes/Yes Yes Yes/Yes Yes/Yes Yes/Yes
Sponsored public database N/A N/A Y-Search/
Mitosearch
N/A No
DNA storage No Yes (Free)
25 yrs.
Yes (Free)
25 yrs.
Yes (Free)
2 yrs.
No
Lab(s) used Sorenson Genomics U of London/
Marligen
Univ. of Arizona Marligen LabCorp
Company hdqrts Washington DC Scotland Houston, Texas Kensington, MD Mountain View, CA
Year founded 2003 2005 2000 2008 2007

 

N/A - Not Applicable

1DNA Tribes database currently includes the following Jewish populations: Ashkenazi, Oriental (from Iran and Iraq), Israeli (of diverse origins), North African (from Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya), Sephardi (from Turkey), and Chuetas from Majorca, Spain, descendants of Jewish converts to Catholicism.

2See SNP chart - compared to Cohanim Modal Haplotype (CMH).

3Omnipop forensic population database utilized for comparisons.

4Y-Match database sponsored by DNA-Fingerprint; a company that merged with Family Tree DNA in 2006.

5Native American ancestry registers as Asian in the "Ancestry Painting" feature.  For Native American ancestry info, go to "account" and then "23andme Labs".  Click on "Native American Ancestry Finder".  23andMe Labs are features still in development so results are not conclusive. SNP results are conclusive.

6The basic Marligen SNP test is $125.  Specialty SNPs can be ordered starting at $129, i.e. Pictish, Norse, Mongolian, Chinese, etc. Visit site for complete listings and details. 

7 Discounts occur after paying the $49 extraction fee.  If the client's DNA is already on file, then it is $39 to test a special SNP marker. Package deals also available. 

8Family Tree DNA SNP confirms all mitochondrial DNA results at no charge.  Y-chromosome SNPs are predicted using STRs, but if the result is ambiguous, FTDNA will test the SNP for free under their "SNP Assurance Program".  The $79 price is for deep subclade testing.

9Family Tree DNA Dr. Hammer's database

10 $349.95 for both Y-SNP and Athletic Panel

Previous Versions: 2005, 2007, 2008



African Ancestry, DNA Tribes, Ethnoancestry, Family Tree DNA, Genetic Testing Laboratories, GeneTree, Warrior Roots and 23andMe
are registered, trademarked, and/or copyrighted names of companies, websites and organizations, not affiliated with ISOGG.

The Ethnic Origins DNA Testing Company Comparison is for informational purposes only.  Please submit corrections/updates to isogg@msn.com

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Page last updated: 01/31/2012

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