A compilation of DNA haplotypes extracted
from ancient remains

The Beothuks 

An extinct Native American tribe indigenous to Newfoundland and Labrador, mtDNA has been extracted from the dentine of Chief Nonosabasut, and wife, Demasduit.  In 1819, Chief Nonosabasut and his small tribe of Beothuks, encountered a party of ten armed English settlers at Red Indian Lake.  A conflict ensued in which the chief was killed and Demasduit was taken prisoner, but died soon thereafter from tuberculosis. 
(More) 

Also significant to note is that Nonosabasut's Y-chromosome DNA was SNP confirmed haplogroup Q.

Name Haplo Haplotype
Nonosabasut X2a 093C,189C,213A,223T,278T
Demasduit C 223T,298C,325C,327T

Cheddar Man

In 1903, skeletal remains were found in a cave in Cheddar, England. The remains of a 23 year-old man, who was killed by a blow to the face, were discovered to be at least 9,000 years old. Ninety-four years after the discovery of "Cheddar Man", scientists were able to extract mitochondrial DNA from his tooth cavity.

Name Haplo Haplotype
Cheddar Man U5a 16192T, 16270T

Bryan Sykes, and his team at Oxford University distributed DNA test kits to local Cheddar schools, and a match was found to a local schoolteacher, Adrian Targett. (More) on Cheddar Man.

Ice Man - Otzi of Italy


Widely known as "Otzi (Oetzi)" the Iceman found in 1991 in the Italian Alps, is also known as "Similaun Man".  Of the Neolithic era, Otzi lived between 3350-3300 B.C. in the "Copper Age". He was believed to be 46-years old when he died at the top of a mountain pass from wounds received.  (More)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Ice Man K 16224C, 16311C

Kwäday Dän Ts’ìnchi

In 1999, hikers came across human remains in a melting British Columbia glacier.  Named Kwäday Dän Ts’ìnchi which means "long-ago person found", was a young man between the ages of 17-22, believed to have died around 550 years ago. (Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Kwäday Dän Ts’ìnchi A 16111T, 16189C, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C

Ice Maiden - "Juanita" of Peru

Also known as "Juanita", the Inca Ice Maiden was discovered on Mount Ampato, near Arequipa, Peru by Johann Reinhard in 1995.  She was sacrificed sometime around the ages of 12-14 and lived about 500 years ago.  Her body lay frozen at the mountaintop until a nearby volcanic eruption melted Mount Ampato's ice cap.

Name Haplo Haplotype
Ice Maiden A 16111T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A

The Last Viking King

One of the world's oldest maternity cases has been solved utilizing mitochondrial DNA.  Sven II Estridsen (c.1020-1074), the last Viking king of Denmark, and ancestor of all subsequent kings of Denmark is entombed in Roskilde Cathedral with other Danish royals. It was believed that Sven's mother, Estrid, was entombed in a pillar across the chancel. Lingering doubts about Estrid's identity have now been resolved through DNA testing proving that Estrid was not Sven's mother.
(Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Sven H 7028C

Lichtenstein Cave Bronze-Age Family

Through anthropological DNA testing, the first prehistoric family tree has been established. From a group of forty human remains found in the Lichtenstein cave, near Dorste, Lower Saxony, Germany, viable DNA was extracted from three related individuals. 
(Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Do-3706 & Do-3709 T  

Y-chromosome DYS#

    DYS#
  3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a
3
8
5
b
3
8
9
|
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
2
4
3
9
4
3
7
4
3
8
Do-1482 13 25 15 11 17 13 12 11 27 11 15 10

Luke the Evangelist - aka St. Luke

A doctor, but better known as the biblical author of the "Gospel According to Luke", Luke the Evangelist was believed to have been born in Antioch, in the Roman province of Syria.  Historical sources cite that he died at the age of 84 in Thebes (Greece) around the year 150 A.D.  His body was interred first in Constantinople, and then later transferred to Padua, Italy.  Geneticists have tested the remains believed to be those of Luke, and sampled Syrian and Greek populations for comparison.   They've determined that the body attributed as Luke's, is likely of Syrian origin.
(Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Luke H 16235G, 16291T

Medieval Mummy From Yangju

Medieval mummies have been found in Korea since 1968.  Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome DNA analysis was conducted on a 17th-century male child mummy discovered in 2001. (Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Yangju Mummy D4 16223T 16362C 73G 263G 309.1C 315.1C 489C

Y-chromosome DYS#

    DYS#
  3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
9
|
I
3
9
2
Yangju Mummy 13 22 15 10 14 13

The Norwich Anglo-Saxon

Is the Anglo-Saxon skeleton found at Norwich Castle indeed of Romani origin as stated in the media? (Source)  Or does the young Anglo-Saxon just share a partial haplotype similar to a Romani? (View sequences)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Anglo-Saxon X 16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T

mtDNA Sequences From "The Lost Tomb of Jesus"

mtDNA extracted from human remains contained in two ossuaries recovered from the Talpiot tomb in Jerusalem; one ossuary labeled "Jesus" and the other labeled "Mariamene e Mara" provided conclusive evidence that the two individuals did not share a common maternal line ancestor. (Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Jesus ? 270G, 278T
Mariamene e Mara ? 290G

Paglicci Cave Cro-Magnons

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of two circa 24,000 year-old Cro-Magnons demonstrates a drastic difference between Neandertals and modern mtDNA sequences.  The conclusion rules out random mating between Neandertals and humans.  (Source)

*Paglicci-25 might be pre-HV

Name Haplo Haplotype
Paglicci-25* HV 73A, 719G, 308A
Paglicci-12 N 223T

Shuká Kaa

Shuká Kaa (which means "Man Before Us") really was before the native Alaskans currently living in the region near On Your Knees Cave where he was found. Testing of 234 Alaska Indians and 163 Aleuts did not yield a mitochondrial DNA match to 10,300 year-old Shuká Kaa. (Source)

Name Haplo Haplotype
Shuká Kaa D4h3  

The "Starchild" Skulls  

The "Starchild" skulls debuted on the National Geographic Channel show "Is It Real" Ancient Astronauts.  Is the "Starchild" skull categorized as SCS-1 really a deformed human skull or that of an alien-human hybrid?
(More)  Mitochondrial DNA extracted from both skulls confirms (unrelated) Native American maternal ancestry.  (Source)  Interestingly, the SCS-1 mtDNA matches that of Demasduit.

Name Haplo Haplotype
SA-1 A 223T, 290T, 319A
SCS-1 C 223T,298C,325C,327T

Zana and Khwit  

DNA extracted from skulls purported to be Zana, and her son, Khwit, were profiled on the National Geographic Channel show "Is It Real" Russian Bigfoot. 
(More) The question testing sought to answer was whether the supposed "Almas", were really Neanderthals who survived into modern times. Mitochondrial DNA analyzed from both skulls confirms a shared maternal line ancestor of human origins, with no Neanderthal mutations.

Name Haplo Haplotype
Zana ? T16189C
Khwit ? T16189C

The DNA Saga of King Tut

Will he or won't he be tested?  That is the question!  In December 2000, a team of Japanese scientists announced that they had received approval to DNA test the most famous of ancient Egypt's kings. (Source)  By 2001, Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities reversed their decision to allow testing. (Source)  Another announcement to do forensic testing on King Tut came in 2004, but was halted after a public outcry. (Source)

Western European DNA found in Central Asia

DNA analysis of the remains of nomadic peoples in Kazakhstan provides evidence of Western genetic influence in Asia between the 15th century BC and the 5th century AD.  (Source)

mtDNA Lineages from the Basques of Aldaieta

HVR1 mitochondrial DNA sequences from a 6th-7th century Basque burial site reveals a diverse genetic population indicating that the Basques may not have been an "isolated" population.  (Source) 

2,000 Year-Old Cemetery in Egyin Gol Valley, Mongolia

mtDNA, Y-chromosome DNA and nuclear DNA was successfully extracted from a Mongolian cemetery containing 99 individuals.  (Source)

Neanderthal DNA

Several ancient Neanderthal remains have been typed and found to differ significantly from human mitochondrial DNA. (Source)  Amazingly, a team of scientists in Germany have recovered and sequenced Y-chromosome DNA from a 49,000 year-old Neanderthal. (Source)
For more info and sequences

Coming soon: Mycenaean Shaft Graves, Two Renaissance Writers, Egyptian Mummies?,
Queen Hatshepsut
NOT coming soon: Kennewick Man, Queen Hatshepsut

NOTE:  All of the above haplotypes are the result of scientific genetics studies, and most, if not all, have been published in scientific journals.  Submissions of additional haplotypes are welcome, please submit the values along with an online link to the scientific publication of the subject's study to ISOGG.  Submissions will be reviewed and ISOGG reserves the right to accept or decline submissions.  The purpose of the "Ancient DNA" page is to provide a compilation of DNA results of ancient homo sapiens for comparison and educational purposes only.

[Famous DNA]  [Famous Haplogroups]  [Founding Father DNA]  [Neanderthal DNA]  [Presidential DNA]

 

Photo in header: "Juanita" - The Ice Maiden of Peru
Source: nationalgeographic.com
Thanks to D. Reynolds, E. Aulicino, D. Weston, 
I. Logan, S. Bauer,  P. Goff,  D. Pike, A. Turner, 
A. Oquendo Pabon, E. Hutton, A. Millard, P. Roberts,
and J. Mancha for their
contributions to this page!
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The International Society of Genetic Genealogy
www.isogg.org
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Page last updated: 01/31/2012

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