Identical by state

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Identical by state or identity by state (IBS) is a term used in genetics to describe two identical alleles or two identical segments or sequences of DNA. The terms identical by type or identity by type (IBT) are sometimes also used. In genetic genealogy the term IBS is generally used to describe segments which are not identical by descent and therefore do not share a recent common ancestor. IBS is also used in genetic genealogy to describe small IBD segments which are shared by many people both within and between populations and which have no genealogical relevance.

The techniques of triangulation, chromosome mapping, and phasing can be used to distinguish between IBD segments and non-IBD segments.

Further reading

See also