Y-DNA Haplogroup J and its Subclades - 2014

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Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 14 September 2014

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Alice Fairhurst if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk   SNP Index   Papers/Presentations Cited   Glossary   Listing Criteria
CLADE/SUBCLADE SYMBOLS:  Added  Redefined 
SNP SYMBOLS:  Not on 2013 tree  Confirmed within subclade  Provisional  Private  Investigation 

Contact People for Haplogroup J: Bonnie Schrack or Tim Janzen or Chris Rottensteiner

J   M304/Page16/PF4609, 12f2.1, CTS26/PF4489, CTS687/PF4503, CTS852/PF4504, CTS1033/PF4507, CTS1068/PF4508, CTS1250/PF4510/YSC0001255, CTS1561/PF4534, CTS2042/PF4536, CTS2769/PF4538, CTS3543/PF4540/YSC0001268, CTS3732/PF4541, CTS3872/PF4542, CTS3936/PF4543/YSC0001275, CTS4204/PF4545/YSC0001278, CTS4349/PF4547, CTS4356/PF4548, CTS4937/PF4549, CTS5280/PF4550, CTS5426/PF4552, CTS5545/M3163/PF4554/YSC0001284, CTS5628/PF4555, CTS5678/PF4556, CTS5691/PF4557, CTS5934, CTS6958/PF4561, CTS7028/PF4562, CTS7229/PF4563/YSC0001286, CTS7483/PF4565, CTS7565/M5960/PF4566, CTS7738/PF4568, CTS7832/PF4569, CTS8078/PF4570, CTS8160/PF4571, CTS8938/PF4577, CTS8974/PF4578, CTS9533/PF4582, CTS9877/PF4583, CTS10446/PF4586, CTS10858/PF4612, CTS11211/PF4614, CTS11291/PF4615, CTS11571/PF4617, CTS11750/PF4618/YSC0001250, CTS11765/PF4620, CTS11787/PF4621/YSC0001251, CTS12047/YSC0001253, CTS12683/PF4623, CTS12887/PF4624, CTS12913/PF4625, F1167/PF4516/YSC0001296, F1168/PF4517, F1181/PF4518/S35, F1381/PF4520, F1632/YSC0001301, F1633, F1634/PF4523/YSC0001302, F1744/S4968/YSC0001303, F1826, F1973/PF4546/YSC0001304, F2114/PF4551, F2116/PF4553/YSC0000785, F2174/PF4558/YSC0001305, F2390/PF4560, F2502/PF4564, F2707/PF4573, F2746/YSC0001309, F2769/PF4576, F2817/PF4579, F2839/PF4580, F2973/PF4585/YSC0001312, F3074/PF4587/YSC0001313, F3119/PF4588, F3138/PF4590, F3176/PF4592/YSC0001314, F3347/PF4608/YSC0001315, F3358/PF4611/YSC0001316, F4072/PF4509/S34, F4299/PF4589, F4300, FGC1599/S23720/Z7822, FGC1600/Z7805, FGC1601/Z7809, FGC1604/Z7814, FGC1605/Z7807, FGC1606/Z7810, FGC1607/Z7803, FGC1609/Z7816, FGC2789/Z7808, FGC2791/Z7821, FGC3271/S13155/Z7815, FGC7618/Z7811, L60/PF4537/S6, L134/PF4539, L778/PF4616/YSC0000236, M10434/S10188, P209/PF4584, PF4491, PF4492, PF4494, PF4495, PF4497, PF4498, PF4505/YSC0000064, PF4506/YSC0000066, PF4511/YSC0001321, PF4513, PF4515, PF4519, PF4521, PF4524, PF4528, PF4529, PF4530, PF4532, PF4533, PF4535/YSC0000165, PF4567/YSC0000197, PF4572, PF4575, PF4591, PF4593, PF4594, PF4595, PF4596/Z2442, PF4598, PF4602/YSC0001323, PF4603, PF4605, PF4606, PF4607, PF4619/YSC0000239, PF4622, S19861/Z6326, S22619/Z7820, YSC0000228, Z7802, Z7817, Z7818, Z7829, Z7830, Z16989
J*   -
J1   L255, L321/PF4646, M267/PF4782
• • J1*   -
• • J1a   CTS5368/Z2215
• • • J1a*   -
• • • J1a1   M365.1
• • • J1a2   L136
• • • • J1a2*   -
• • • • J1a2a   P56
• • • • J1a2b   P58/Page8/PF4698
• • • •  J1a2b*   -
• • • •  J1a2b1   L92.1, L93
• • • •  J1a2b2   L147.1
• • • •  J1a2b2*   -
• • • •  J1a2b2a   L222.2/S350.2
• • • •  • • J1a2b2a*   -
• • • •  • • J1a2b2a1   L65.2/S159.2
• • • •  J1a2b3   L817
• • • •  J1a2b3*   -
• • • •  J1a2b3a   L818/S4972
• • • •  • • J1a2b3a*   -
• • • •  • • J1a2b3a1   L816
• • • J1a3   CTS15/Z1828
• • • • J1a3*   -
• • • • J1a3a   Z1842
J2   M172/Page28/PF4908, L228/PF4895/S321
• • J2*   -
• • J2a   M410, L152, L212/PF4988, L559/PF4986
• • • J2a*   -
• • • J2a1   DYS413≤18, L26/Page55/PF5110/S57, F4326/L27/PF5111/S396
• • • • J2a1*   -
• • • • J2a1a   M47, M322
• • • • J2a1b   M67/PF5137/S51
• • • •  J2a1b*   -
• • • •  J2a1b1   M92, M260/Page14
• • • •  J2a1b1*   -   
• • • •  J2a1b1a   L556, L560
• • • •  J2a1b2   M166
• • • •  J2a1b3   L210, L218, L227
• • • • J2a1c   M68
• • • • J2a1d   M319
• • • • J2a1e   M339
• • • • J2a1f   M419
• • • • J2a1g   P81/PF4275
• • • • J2a1h   L24/S286, L207.1
• • • •  J2a1h*   -
• • • •  J2a1h1   M158
• • • •  J2a1h2   L25/PF5345/S399
• • • •  J2a1h2*   -   
• • • •  J2a1h2a   DYS445≤7
• • • •  • • J2a1h2a*   -   
• • • •  • • J2a1h2a1   L70/PF5434/S287, L397/PF5446, L398/PF5449/S320
• • • •  • • • J2a1h2a1*   -
• • • •  • • • J2a1h2a1a   M137
• • • •  • • • J2a1h2a1b   M318
• • • •  J2a1h2b   L243
• • • •  J2a1h2c   L254
• • • •  J2a1h2d   L192.2
• • • •  • • J2a1h2d*   --
• • • •  • • J2a1h2d1   L271
• • • • J2a1i   L88.2, L198
• • • J2a2   L581/PF5026/S398
• • • • J2a2*   -
• • • • J2a2a   P279/PF5065
• • • •  J2a2a*   -
• • • •  J2a2a1   M340
• • J2b   L282, M12, M102, M221, M314/PF4939
• • • J2b*   -
• • • J2b1   M205
• • • J2b2   M241
• • • • J2b2*   -
• • • • J2b2a   L283
• • • •  J2b2a*   -
• • • •  J2b2a1   Z1296
• • • •  J2b2a1*   -
• • • •  J2b2a1a   Z1297, Z1298
• • • •  • • J2b2a1a*   -
• • • •  • • J2b2a1a1   Z631, Z639

Experimental J1 Tree by Victor Mas.

Private SNPs - After having been investigated, these SNPs have not met the population distribution criteria for placement on the tree. Either too few confirmed positive testers have been found OR multiple confirmed testers were confined to either a single surname or to a small group of related males.

SNPs under Investigation - Additional testing is needed to confirm adequate positive samples and/or correct placement on the tree.

Caveats for the information from Karafet et al (2008):

NOTES:

Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. J2 lineages originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent. The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural peoples during the Neolithic period. The timing of the demographic events that brought J2 to Central Asia, Pakistan, and India is not yet known. J1 lineages may have a more southern origin, as they are more often found in the Levant region, other parts of the Near East, and North Africa, with a sparse distribution in the southern Mediterranean flank of Europe, and in Ethiopia.

There is a descending gradient in the frequency of occurrence of haplogroup J from the Middle East toward the northwest of Europe, reaching about 3% of the population on the northwest Atlantic coast. The occurrence of J in Europe is undoubtedly due both to the Neolithic expansion and to episodic migrations, though the relative proportion of those two sources is controversial and may not be the same in different locations.

A significant fraction of Jews belong to haplogroup J, but Jews represent a small minority of the European members of the haplogroup. The "Cohen Modal Haplotype" is a specific set of six Y-STR marker values that occurs in both J1 and J2, though at a much higher frequency in J1.

References:

Adams et al, The Genetic Legacy of Religious Diversity and Intolerance: Paternal Lineages of Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula, American Journal of Human Genetics, 83(6): 725-36, 2008.
Alonso et al, The Place of the Basques in the European Y-chromosome Diversity Landscape. (available by subscription) European Journal of Human Genetics, 13:1293-1302, 2005.
Athey T W, Schrack B E, A New Subclade of Y Haplogroup J2b. (pdf) Journal of Genetic Genealogy, 4(1):27-34, 2008.
Balanovsky et al, Parallel Evolution of Genes and Languages in the Caucasus Region. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 13 May 2011.
Behar et al, Contrasting Patterns of Y Chromosome Variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and Host Non-Jewish European Populations. (pdf) Hum Genet 114:354-365, 2004.
Behar et al, Genome-Wide Structure of the Jewish People. Nature, 446:238-42, 2010.
Bertoncini et al, The Dual Origin of Tati-speakers from Dagestan as Written in the Genealogy of Uniparental Variants. (abstract) American Journal of Human Biology, Volume 24, Issue 4, pages 391-399, July/August 2012.
Biro et al, A Y-Chromosomal Comparison of the Madjars (Kazakhstan) and the Magyars (Hungary), American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 139(3): 305-10, 2009. (abstract)
Bosch et al, Paternal and Maternal Lineages in the Balkans Show a Homogeneous Landscape over Linguistis Barriers except for the Isolated Aromuns. Annals of Human Genetics, 70:459-87, (2006).
Capelli et al, Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin: A Y Chromosome Perspective. (pdf) Annals of Human Genetics, 2005.
Cinnioglu et al, Excavating Y-chromosome Haplotype Strata in Anatolia. (pdf) Human Genetics. 114:127-148, 2004.
Cruciani et al, A Back Migration from Asia to Sub-Saharan Africa Is Supported by High-Resolution Analysis of Human Y-Chromosome Haplotypes. American Journal of Human Genetics, 70:1197-1214, 2002.
Cruciani et al, Tracing Past Human Male Movements in Northern/Eastern Africa and Western Eurasia: New Clues from Y-Chromosomal Haplogroups E-M78 and J-M12. (pdf) Molecular Biology and Evolution 24(6):1300-1311, 2007.
Di Giacomo et al, Y Chromosomal Haplogroup J as a Signature of the Post-Neolithic Colonization of Europe. (pdf) Human Genetics, 115:357-371, 2004.
El Sibai et al, Geographical Structure of the Y-Chromosomal Genetic Landscape of the Levant: A Coastal Inland Contrast, Annals of Human Genetics, 73:568-81, 2009. (abstract)
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Francalacci et al, Low-Pass DNA Sequencing of 1200 Sardinians Reconstructs European Y-Chromosome Phylogeny. Science: Vol. 341 no. 6145, pp. 565-569, DOI: 10.1126/science.1237947, 2 August 2013.
Herrera et al, Neolithic Patrilineal Signals Indicate that the Armenian Plateau was Repopulated by Agriculturalists. European Journal of Human Genetics, 10.1038/ejhg.2011.192, 2011.
Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
Karafet et al, Paternal Population History of East Asia: Sources, Patterns, and Microevolutionary Processes. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 69:615-628, 2001.
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Additional Resources:

ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
The Y-Haplogroup J DNA Project, Bonnie Schrack and Tim Janzen.
J1* Haplogroup Y-DNA Project, Peter Hrechdakian, James Honeychuck, Paul Givargidze.
J1b (J-M365) Haplogroup Y-DNA Project, Ricardo Costa de Oliveira.
J1c3 Haplogroup Y-DNA Project, Jaber Al Haddad.
J1c3d1 (J-L222.2) Haplogroup Y-DNA Project.
J2 Haplogroup Y-DNA Project, Angela Cone.
J2 Haplogroup Arab Y-DNA Project, Kamal Al-Gazzah.
J2 Haplogroup Jewish Y-DNA Project, Debra Katz.
The J2b-M102 DNA Project, Roman Sychev.
J2b (455=8) Y-DNA Project.
J2Plus Project, Donn Devine.
J-L24 Y-DNA Project, Alfred Aberto, Debra Katz, Tim Janzen, Kamal Al-Gazzah.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2014:

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