Y-DNA Haplogroup Q and its Subclades - 2015

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Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 30 January 2015

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Alice Fairhurst if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk   SNP Index   Papers/Presentations Cited   Glossary   Listing Criteria
SNP SYMBOLS:  Not on 2014 tree  Confirmed within subclade  Provisional  Private  Investigation 

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Paragroups, subclades ending with an asterisk (*) indicate that some individuals do not test positive for any snps downstream. Since this fact is commonly known, paragroups are being omitted to simplify the display of SNPs.

Contact people for Haplogroup Q: Leonard Trujillo and Vladimir Gurianov

Link to Experimental Composite Y-DNA Haplogroup Q Tree by Ray Banks.

Q   M242, CTS3727/L808/M1105, CTS4717/M997, CTS7532/M1133, F826/M1064, F1237.1/M1077.1/V2083.1, F1293/M1080/V2215, F1728/M1092, F1829/M992/Z801, F2603/M1020, F3067/M1150, F4052/M1063, FGC1751, FGC1753/Y1984, FGC1754/Y1987, FGC1755, FGC1757/Y2000, FGC1985, FGC4603/Y1972, FGC6793, FGC7649/Y2365, FGC12193, L273.1/M2690.1, M1047, M1074, M1154, M1163, M1166
Q1   L232/S432, L273.1/M2690.1/V2083.1, L274, P36.2
• • Q1a   MEH2, F903/L472, CTS97/M1062, CTS511/M1065/Z796, CTS1845/M1087, CTS2006/M1088, CTS3122/M1100, CTS3717/M1104, CTS4793, CTS4849/M1111, CTS5301/M1117/Z804, CTS5804/M1122, CTS6354/M1126, CTS7056/M1131, CTS7611/M1134, CTS7686/M1136, CTS10772/M1170, CTS11133/M1173, F1304/M1081, F1426/M1083, F2360/M1128, F2656/M1140, F2676/L528, F2790/M1142, F2840/M1144, FGC6786/Y2465, FGC6787, FGC6788/Y2466, FGC6789/Y2467, FGC6790/Y2464, FGC6792/Y2468, FGC6794/Y2475, FGC8092, FGC8413, FGC8415, FGC10649, M1085, M1155, M1158, M1165, M1168, M1169
• • • Q1a1   F1096, F844, F1215, F1251, F2371, F2786, F3243, Y587, Y588, Y592, Y601, Y627, Y663, Y664, Y692, Y706, Z19218, Z19219, Z19220, Z19221, Z19222, Z19223
• • • • Q1a1a   F746/NWT01
• • • •  Q1a1a1   M120, M265/N14
• • • • Q1a1b   M25, M143
• • • •  Q1a1b1   L712
• • • •  Q1a1b1a   L713, L715, M365.3
• • • Q1a2   M346, L56/S324, L57, CTS2656/L892, F2122/L942, F3773/L474
• • • • Q1a2a   L53/S326, L55, L213, L331, L475, L476
• • • •  Q1a2a1   L54
• • • •  Q1a2a1a   CTS11969/M930, CTS11970
• • • •  • • Q1a2a1a1   M3, L341.2
• • • •  • • • Q1a2a1a1a   M19
• • • •  • • • Q1a2a1a1b   M194
• • • •  • • • Q1a2a1a1c   M199, P106, P292
• • • •  • • • Q1a2a1a1d   L663
• • • •  • • • Q1a2a1a1e   SA01
• • • •  • • • Q1a2a1a1f   L766
• • • •  • • Q1a2a1a2   L804, L805
• • • •  Q1a2a1b   CTS1780/M981, M971/Z780, CTS2730/M988
• • • •  • • Q1a2a1b1   L191
• • • •  • • Q1a2a1b2   L569, L570, L571
• • • •  Q1a2a1c   L330, L334
• • • •  • • Q1a2a1c1   L329, L332, L333
• • • • Q1a2b   F835/L940
• • • •  Q1a2b1   L527, L529.1, L639
• • • •  Q1a2b2   L933, L938, L941
• • • •  Q1a2b2a   L205.2/L939.2/S239.2
• • • • Q1a2c   M323.1
• • Q1b   L275, F108, F711/L612, F753, F803, F815, F911, F1082, F1126, F1169, F1205, F1280, F1337, F1406, F1528, F1537, F1858, F1875, F1924, F1974, F2023, F2145, F2250, F2313, F2343, F2440, F2532, F2593, F2628, F2657, F2777, F2851, F2894, F2934, F3084, F3121, F3193, F3207, F3389, F3621, F3675, F3680, FGC1762/Y1979, FGC7652/Y1992, L314, L606, Y1014, Y1015, Y1017, Y1018, Y1019, Y1020, Y1021, Y1022, Y1024, Y1025, Y1026, Y1027, Y1028, Y1029, Y1030, Y1032, Y1033, Y1034, Y1035, Y1036, Y1037, Y1038, Y1039, Y1040, Y1041, Y1042, Y1043, Y1044, Y1045, Y1046, Y1047, Y1048, Y1049, Y1050, Y1051, Y1052, Y1053, Y1054, Y1055, Y1056, Y1057, Y1059, Y1060, Y1061, Y1062, Y1063, Y1064, Y1065, Y1066, Y1067, Y1068, Y1069, Y1070, Y1071, Y1072, Y1073, Y1074, Y1075, Y1076, Y1077, Y1078, Y1079, Y1080, Y1081, Y1082, Y1083, Y1084, Y1085, Y1086, Y1087, Y1088, Y1089, Y1090, Y1091, Y1092, Y1093, Y1094, Y1095, Y1096, Y1097, Y1098, Y1099, Y1100, Y1101, Y1102, Y1103, Y1104, Y1105, Y1106, Y1107, Y1108, Y1109, Y1110, Y1111, Y1112, Y1113, Y1114, Y1115, Y1116, Y1117, Y1118, Y1119, Y1120, Y1121, Y1122, Y1123, Y1124, Y1125, Y1126, Y1127, Y1128, Y1129, Y1130, Y1131, Y1132, Y1133, Y1134, Y1135, Y1136, Y1137.2/Z1543.2, Y1139, Y1142, Y1153, Y1159, Y1160, Y1164, Y1166, Y1167, Y1169, Y1195, Y1220, Y1240, Y1978, Y1980, Y1981, Y1982, Y1983, Y1986, Y1988, Y1989, Y1991, Y1993, Y1995, Y1996, Y2003, Y2005, Y2006, Y2007, Y2009, Y2239
• • • Q1b1   L214/S289, M378/Page100, F1213, F1349, F1594, F1734, F1780, F1836, F1839, F2230, F2877, FGC1758/Y2013, FGC1767/Y2079, FGC1768/Y2090, FGC1769/Y2102, FGC1770/Y2012, FGC1775/Y2018, FGC1776/Y2019, FGC1777/Y2020, FGC1779/Y2021, FGC1780/Y2022, FGC1781/Y2024, FGC1782/Y2026, FGC1783/Y2027, FGC1784/Y2028, FGC1785/Y2029, FGC1887/Y2015, FGC1788/Y2031, FGC1789/Y2032, FGC1790/Y2033, FGC1791/Y2034, FGC1792/Y2035, FGC1794/Y2037, FGC1795/Y2038, FGC1796/Y2039, FGC1797/Y2040, FGC1798/Y2041, FGC1799/Y2042, FGC1801/Y2043, FGC1803/Y2044, FGC1804/Y2045, FGC1805/Y2046, FGC1807/Y2047, FGC1808/Y2049, FGC1809/Y2050, FGC1810/Y2051, FGC1812/Y2052, FGC1813/Y2053, FGC1814/Y2054, FGC1815/Y2055, FGC1817/Y2057, FGC1820/Y2058, FGC1825/Y2059, FGC1827/Y2060, FGC1830/Y2061, FGC1833/Y2062, FGC1834/Y2063, FGC1835/Y2064, FGC1836/Y2065, FGC1837/Y2066, FGC1838/Y2067, FGC1841/Y2068, FGC1842/Y2070, FGC1843/Y2071, FGC1844/Y2072, FGC1845/Y2073, FGC1850/Y2074, FGC1852/Y2075, FGC1854/Y2076, FGC1855/Y2080, FGC1856/Y2081, FGC1858/Y2082, FGC1861/Y2084, FGC1862/Y2085, FGC1863/Y2086, FGC1864/Y2087, FGC1865/Y2088, FGC1866/Y2089, FGC1869/Y2091, FGC1872/Y2092, FGC1873/Y2093, FGC1874/Y2094, FGC1875/Y2095, FGC1877/Y2097, FGC1881/Y2113, FGC1882/Y2114, FGC1988/Y2017, FGC4606/Y2361, FGC7656/Y2115, FGC7660/Y2025, L215/Page82/S325, Y2048, Y2056, Y2096, Y2101, Y2010, Y2234, Y2242, Y2384
• • • • Q1b1a   FGC1774/Y2016, FGC1793/Y2036
• • • • • Q1b1a1   L245, FGC1759/Y2119, FGC1771/Y2117, FGC1773/Y2118, FGC1778/Y2120, FGC1800/Y2121, FGC1802/Y2122, FGC1806/Y2123, FGC1811/Y2124, FGC1816/Y2125, FGC1821/Y2126, FGC1823/Y2127, FGC1824/Y2128, FGC1826/Y2129, FGC1828/Y2130, FGC1829/Y2131, FGC1831/Y2217, FGC1832/Y2132, FGC1839/Y2133, FGC1840/Y2134, FGC1846/Y2136, FGC1847/Y2137, FGC1848/Y2138, FGC1849/Y2139, FGC1851/Y2140, FGC1853/Y2141, FGC1857/Y2142, FGC1859/Y2143, FGC1860/Y2204, FGC1868/Y2199, FGC1870/Y2145, FGC1871/Y2146, FGC1878/Y2147, FGC1879/Y2148, FGC1883/Y2195, FGC1893/Y2230, FGC1901/Y2223, FGC1902/Y2222, FGC1987/Y2116, FGC1989/Y2144, FGC7661/Y2135, FGC7662/Y2149, Y2238_1, Y2238_2
• • • •  Q1b1a1a   FGC1904/Y2220, FGC1895/Y2228, FGC1917/Y2209, FGC1925/Y2202, Y2229
• • • •  • • Q1b1a1a1   FGC1917/Y2209
• • • •  • • • Q1b1a1a1a   FGC1897/Y2225, FGC1899/Y2224, FGC1906/Y2219, FGC1909/Y2218, FGC1911/Y2215, FGC1912/Y2213, FGC1915/Y2211, FGC1916/Y2210, FGC1918/Y2208, FGC1919/Y2207, FGC1921/Y2206, FGC1928/Y2201, FGC1934/Y2196, Y2214
• • • •  • • • • Q1b1a1a1a1   FGC1929/Y2200, FGC1886/Y2233, FGC1888/Y2232, FGC1890/Y2231, FGC1903/Y2221, FGC1910/Y2216, FGC1914/Y2212, FGC1923/Y2203, FGC1932/Y2198, FGC1933/Y2197, FGC4847, FGC7663, Y2352, Y2356, Y2595
• • • •  • • • •  Q1b1a1a1a1a   FGC4846/Y2750, FGC4836/Y2746, FGC4854/Y2751, Y3026, Y3027, Y3028, Y3029, Y3030
• • • •  • • • •  Q1b1a1a1a1b   FGC1924/Y2780, FGC1920/Y2754, FGC1930/Y2781
• • • •  • • • Q1b1a1a1b   YP740, YP730, YP731, YP732, YP733, YP734, YP735, YP736, YP737, YP738, YP739, YP741, YP742, YP743, YP744
• • • •  • • Q1b1a1a2   YP745, YP746, YP747
• • • • Q1b1b   FGC4620/Y2250, FGC4607/Y2247, FGC4613/Y2246, FGC4618/Y2248, FGC4619/Y2249, FGC4624/Y2251, FGC4626/Y2244, FGC4631/Y2255, FGC4635/Y2256, FGC4646/Y2263, FGC4656/Y2264, FGC4657/Y2265, FGC4659/Y2266, FGC4675/Y2269, FGC4676/Y2270, Y2245.1, Y2252, Y2257, Y2258, Y2259, Y2260, Y2261, Y2262
• • • •  Q1b1b1   FGC4888/Y2990, FGC4866/Y2987, FGC4868/Y2997, FGC4872/Y2986, FGC4884/Y2988, FGC4893/Y2992, FGC4896/Y2993, FGC4897/Y2994, FGC4904/Y2995, FGC4909/Y2996, FGC7967/Y2989
• • • •  Q1b1b2   Y5185, Y5186
• • • •  Q1b1b2a   L301
• • • Q1b2   Y1150, Y1138, Y1140, Y1141, Y1143, Y1145, Y1146, Y1147, Y1148, Y1151, Y1152, Y1154, Y1155, Y1156, Y1157, Y1158, Y1161, Y1162, Y1163, Y1168, Y1170, Y1171, Y1172, Y1173, Y1174, Y1176, Y1177, Y1178, Y1179, Y1181, Y1182, Y1183, Y1184, Y1185, Y1186, Y1187, Y1188, Y1189, Y1190, Y1191, Y1196, Y1201, Y1202, Y1203, Y1204, Y1205, Y1206, Y1207, Y1208, Y1209, Y1210, Y1211, Y1212, Y1214, Y1215, Y1216, Y1217, Y1218, Y1219, Y1221, Y1222, Y1223, Y1224, Y1227, Y1228, Y1229, Y1230, Y1231, Y1232, Y1233, Y1234, Y1235, Y1236, Y1237, Y1238, Y1239, Y1241, Y1242, Y1243, Y1244, Y1245, Y1246, Y1247, Y1248, Y1250, Y1251, Y1252, Y1253, Y1255, Y1257, Y1258, Y1259, Y1260, Y1261, Y1262, Y1263, Y1264, Y1265, Y1266, Y1267, Y1268, Y1269, YP505

Private SNPs - After investigation these SNPs have not met the population distribution criteria for placement on the tree: either too few confirmed positive testers have been found OR multiple confirmed testers were confined to a single surname or to a small group of related males.

SNPs under Investigation - Additional testing is needed to confirm adequate positive samples and/or correct placement on the tree.


Y-DNA haplogroup Q arose in Central Asia and migrated through the Altai/Baikal region of northern Eurasia into the Americas. Today it is found in North Eurasia, with some exemplars in European populations. The Q1a3a1 sub-group is almost exclusively associated with Native American populations.


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Deng et al, Evolution and Migration History of the Chinese Population Inferred from the Chinese Y-chromosome Evidence. (pdf) Journal of Human Genetics, 49:339-348, 2004.
Dulik et al, Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosome Variation Provides Evidence for a Recent Common Ancestry between Native Americans and Indigenous Altaians. (pdf) The American Journal of Human Genetics, doi: 10.1016/ajhg.2011.12.014, 2012(a).
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Additional Resources:
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
Y-chromosome DNA Haplogroup Q, Rebekah Canada.
American Indian Q1a3a: the Q-M3 Haplogroup Project, Ana Oquendo Pabón.
American Indian DNA Project, Glinda Seabaugh.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2015:

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